“Shocking and Disappointing”: Female Soccer Players Discuss National Team’s Gender Discrimination Lawsuit

Despite being the most successful women’s soccer team in history, players for the U.S. Women’s National Soccer Team, claim that they are not being paid fairly, are forced to play on fake turf while the men get real grass, and take commercial flights while their male counterparts fly charter, among countless other complaints. Their rancor has culminated in a lawsuit filed in March against the U.S. Soccer Administration alleging widespread gender discrimination.

Many members of Chapman’s Women’s soccer team hadn’t even heard of the lawsuit – but they had strong feelings about the conditions their professional sisters allegedly endured, and about discrimination in sports.

Jessica Roux, freshman software engineering major

Although Chapman is a Division III school, Roux wouldn’t consider herself “working any less hard than a Division I athlete or taking care of my body less.” Roux finds the vast pay discrepancy between male and female professional soccer players “shocking and disappointing.”

Jessica Roux believes women and men work equally hard in athletics and should be paid accordingly. Photo by Emilio Mejia

Alex Morgan is the highest paid female U.S. soccer player, earning $450,000 a year. Yet the highest paid U.S. male soccer player, Michael Bradley, makes a whopping $6 million not including revenue from endorsement deals. Yet, the most recent women’s world cup final was the most popular televised match in U.S. soccer history, attracting a total of 23 million viewers.

“Women work just as hard as men,” and go to just as much effort to train and stay in shape, Roux said.

Elly Aronson, junior news and documentary major

Gender discrimination “always stays in the back of my mind” said Aronson who described the the lawsuit allegations as “heartbreaking.” Yet, she’s grateful that unequal treatment of female athletes is in the news.

“I wish change was coming much faster, but I’m glad awareness is finally being brought to the national spotlight,” she added. Aronson won’t let discrimination discourage her, though: “I’ve always competed for myself” she affirms.

Madie Bigcas (left) and Elly Aronson (right) unite in their condemning of female athlete’s treatment. Photo by Emilio Mejia

Madie Bigcas, sophomore communication studies major

Madie Bigcas was dismayed by the comments of former FIFA president Sepp Blatter, after being asked in 2015 how to increase viewership for women’s matches: “Let the women play in more feminine clothes like they do in volleyball. They could, for example, have tighter shorts… female players are pretty. If you forgive me for saying so.” Sepp Blatter is currently four years into a six-year ban from all FIFA related activities.

“It really puts things in perspective when someone that high up says something like that. You’re there for the game, not to see women’s butts,” Bigcas said.

“It’s hard to hear” the way that the national women’s team claims it is being treated, but Bigcas said, “I don’t let it get to me.”

The U.S. women’s team consistently draws more eyes and fills more seats than the men’s team. However, these numbers have not translated into financial incentives.

Bailee Cochran, junior business major

International women’s soccer games are commonly played on artificial turf, whereas men’s games are played on grass. The players have made their disapproval for this quite clear: playing on turf provides significantly more challenges than playing on grass. Often, the temperature of the turf can teach 200 degrees Fahrenheit, which results in painful, large burns on the player’s skin if they perform a slide tackle. In addition to injuries, there are questions about the correlation between long-term exposure to artificial turf and cancer clusters.

A photo of turf burn as a result of playing on artificial grass. Photo by Pavel on Adobe Stock

“I try not to expect things” Cochran when it comes to the double standards to which female athletes are subjected. “I focus on going out to play my hardest… if I love something, I’m going to give it my all” she adds, “I’m going to do the things I love and not think of anything else.”

Keck Center opens without LEED certification Despite Chapman’s goals for sustainability, the center has no plans for certification

The university boasts that its $130 million jewel of a STEM complex has a world-class computational facility, 25 research labs and 20 teaching labs – but the building housing the environmental sciences is not LEED certified. While the Schmid College of Science and Technology is now open, the Fowler School of Engineering will not open until fall 2020. Photo by Tiffany Chen.

Chapman’s new Keck Center may look like a million – or 130 million – bucks, but an item not in the budget was the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification. That’s a globally recognized symbol of sustainability that creates highly efficient and cost-saving green buildings. The university president says it might have cost too much to obtain LEED certification, but eco-conscious students complain that Chapman missed an opportunity to prove their school is serious about sustainability.

LEED certifications are the most widely used green-building rating system in the world and a globally recognized symbol of sustainability achievement, according to the organization that gives them out, the U.S. Green Building Council.

Students and environmental advocates lament the irony of a building that contains the Environmental Science and Policy Department failing to boast LEED certification.

“It’s pretty disappointing that we have the ability and resources to be more environmentally conscious but we’re choosing not to be,” said sophomore environmental science and policy major Nikki Heredia.

There are numerous environmental and economic benefits for buildings that are LEED certified on college campuses, said Communications Director of the US Green Building Council Aline Althen.

“LEED buildings perform more efficiently than comparable conventional buildings and also support and promote human health,” Althen said. “Green buildings use natural resources efficiently, lowering both utility bills and impact on the environment.”

LEED-certified green buildings value energy consumption reductions, help the environment and lower costs, according to Althen.

“LEED-certified buildings have been proven to use 25 percent less energy and (have) a 19 percent reduction in aggregate operational costs in comparison to non-certified buildings,” Althen said. “Upfront investment in green building makes properties more valuable, with an average expected increase in value of 4 percent.”

There are also a variety of tax benefits and incentives that vary by country and state available for green buildings, said Althen. Examples of incentives include “tax credits, grants, expedited building permits, and reductions/waivers in fees,” she said.  

It is difficult to get information from Chapman officials as to whether LEED certification was considered or sought for Keck – or if the building qualifies for any LEED designation. While university descriptions of the building claim the 140,000 square-feet complex boasts a “cool roof” to reduce heat, green-roof planters and rainwater reclamation, there is no mention on the Chapman website as to whether the building has solar panels, an energy-saving HVAC system or how the lighting systems were configured.  

Chapman is “committed to a campus culture that promotes a sustainable future,” and was, ironically, lauded in 2014 as the “most sustainable school in Orange County” by the U.S. Green Buildings Council. Yet, members of the administration declined to comment on whether Keck contains the latest in sustainable technology.

Energy Conservation and Sustainability Manager Mackenzie Crigger declined to comment on  Keck’s lack of LEED certification.

Vice President of Campus Planning & Operations Kris Olsen said she was not available to comment, but suggested we contact the Executive Assistant to VP of Campus Planning and Operations Katie Bye. Bye also declined to comment.  

Interim Dean of Schmid College of Science and Technology Jason Keller declined to comment, citing a lack of knowledge about the Keck Center.

“I think Keck is environmentally very advanced, but we may not have done the LEED certifications due to the costs of doing the certification vs. the cost of doing what the certifications require,” said Daniele Struppa, president of Chapman University. Struppa gave a qualified endorsement concerning the threat of global warming, saying, in response to a student allegation that he did not believe in it that “I’m pretty sure global climate change is true.”

Dean of Fowler School of Engineering Andrew Lyon also declined to comment on Keck’s lack of LEED certification. However, he emphasized the importance of practicing sustainability.

The modern approach to problem-solving needs to balance not only the quality of the proposed solution but also the sustainability of that solution,” Lyon said. “[This] is also important for Engineering as we build our curricula and mentor our students to become thought leaders and innovators.”

“I am personally disappointed to hear that Keck was not built for LEED standards and I am also disappointed by Chapman’s passiveness in improving the sustainability of its buildings,” even when given an opportunity to do so when renovating facilities, said Ryan O’Hara, president of Mission Environment and a senior environmental science and policy major.

“It is frustratingly difficult for Chapman’s Sustainability Department to quickly implement new improvements and policies because a lot of the people in power at Chapman don’t even believe in global warming,” O’Hara said.

“To earn LEED certification, a project team or professionals working on the design and construction of a new building or major building renovation must register their project with Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI), which is the sister organization of the USGBC,” Althen said.

But existing buildings, too, can apply for a silver, gold, or platinum certification, Althen said.

There are two ways projects can choose to pursue a LEED certification.

“The first way is to submit documentation showcasing the project’s sustainability features in categories such as energy, water, transportation, site selection, and more,” Althen said.  

Althen also recommends college campuses pursue building performance benchmarking to understand how infrastructures are being built and how they can improve.

“By making incremental changes to water, energy, waste, transportation, and human experience elements within individual buildings and across campuses, schools can make a measurable difference in both their environmental and human health areas,” Althen said.

Students enjoy cosying up and having study sessions under the McCradle
Steps. Photo by Tiffany Chen.

Get Out! 7 Hacks for a Smooth Move Out of Chapman Housing

The carts that help you easily move-in will not be available for move-out. Photo courtesy of Lara Wyss of Chapman Public Relations.

Chapman makes everyone in campus housing move out within 24 hours of their last final – and finals are almost here. Cramming and packing creates a perfect storm of stress, but our seven hacks will help make bailing a breeze.

   1. Be Prepared for a Lack of Move-Out Carts

As of this year, Chapman is no longer providing move-out carts for any students in Chapman housing. “We don’t provide carts at ‘move out’ for a few reasons – first and foremost, students move out at various times throughout the day and week, so it is difficult to make carts available in a convenient way. Second, it is difficult (even during move-in week) to ensure that we get all carts returned,” Dave Sundby, the head of Residence Life, told Prowl. That means you’ll be on your own wheel-wise this May.  Reach out to your off-campus friends to score dollies, skate boards or shopping carts to make your move easier. Or pack your smaller boxes into bigger ones to minimize the number of trips to the car.

   2. Invest in a Storage Unit

If you are coming back to Chapman after summer, rent a storage unit. It can be a hassle lugging all of your stuff home, unpacking, and then packing it up again. Organize and label items before storing – and label the bigger boxes as well – so you can unpack in an organized way in the fall. Less than five minutes from Chapman, Public Storage offers a first-month fee of $1 and $61 dollars per month thereafter.

   3. Put your plastic grocery bags to good use

We paid for all those extra plastic bags when we forgot to take our reusable bags to the store. Now that it is time to move out, fill these bags with clothes, toiletries, or any miscellaneous items that you need to pack away!

   4. Clean out the Trash (room)

The trash room in each dorm hallway brims with everyone’s junk during the final weeks of spring semester. Pluck out the empty boxes and bags others leave behind to use for your items: You will not only save money, but the time you’d spend searching for packing materials.

   5. Start Packing BEFORE Finals

To minimize stress, pack as many items as you can in advance. Out of season clothes and miscellaneous items in your junk drawer can be boxed. Cookware, plates, and utensils should be organized and ready to go come move out time.

   6. Fix the Flaws

The university can level steep fines on students if they have damaged their room. One of the most common reasons cited for fines is wall scuffs. An easy fix is to use matching paint to cover up the marks. If some paint chips off throughout the year or while ripping off the Command tm Strips, use paint to quickly brush over it. All the Chapman rooms are the same color, so you can share paint with your friends too. Wite-Out has also been known to work.

   7. Skate into Victory

Finally, we come to the piece de resistance: the skateboard. Instead of trying to awkwardly fit your TV into a shopping cart or dolly, wheel large items on a skateboard. If you do not own a skateboard, borrow a friend’s. Plus, when you aren’t pushing heavy items, hop on and ride your way to and from the dorms!



Protesters demand Dodge posters be removed

“I live in a multicultural world and I come to Chapman and that multicultural world is not reflected,” said senior political science major Zacharias Estrada. Photo by Autumn Sumruld.

Students at Chapman walked out of classes Thursday, driven by the conviction that controversial “The Birth of a Nation” posters should not be displayed on campus and anger at President Daniele Struppa’s initial refusal to remove them.

The walkout, led by Student Government Vice President and Black Student Union member Arianna Ngnomire, started at noon on the steps of Memorial Hall and drew around 200 people.

Students urged Dodge faculty to cast a vote in favor of removing the posters displayed in Marion Knott Studios. The faculty is scheduled to vote on the removal of the posters on April 22, according to Ngnomire. After the rally at Memorial Hall, protestors marched to Marion Knott Studios and staged a sit-in for an hour in front of the posters.

In 2018, students who identify as African American made up 1.6% of the undergraduate population, according to an article by Prowl. That translates to a mere 122 African American students, according to Ngnomire.

Students demanded that the posters be taken down and expressed disgust that their college would prominently display images they labeled as racist.

Removing the posters “won’t do an iota of good,” Struppa wrote in an opinion piece for The Panther. “It will take away an opportunity for students to confront a problematic past,” he said.

Then Struppa appeared to pivot. When asked at the BSU meeting about the removal of the posters, Struppa told students he will honor the decision Dodge Faculty is scheduled to make April 22, according to The Panther article published on April 16.

He followed up with an email to Chapman students on April 18 saying, “While I absolutely condemn the racism of the movie (and by extension that of the poster), I do defend Dodge College faculty and administration’s right to decide if it remains,” Struppa said.


“Today is not about what is most convenient for Chapman. It is about morality. It is about integrity. And it is about rectifying mistakes from the past. It is okay to say what you did in the past was wrong, but we can now fix it,” said Student Government Vice President and BSU member Arianna Ngnomire. Photo by Autumn Sumruld

The posters have been exhibited in the Dodge hallways since 2006, according to Ngnomire.

“The Birth of a Nation” is considered a landmark in film history. However, the film has been long used as a powerful tool in recruiting the Ku Klux Klan, according to Ngnomire.

“The conversation about “The Birth of a Nation” needs to change from its film aesthetics and editing techniques to, ‘Look what film can do, if it has a bad message,’” Ngnomire said.

“There is a difference between education and glorification,” said senior political science major Zacharias Estrada. “It is not censoring our history or trying to hide our history from anybody, but trying to relegate it to the place it belongs: in the history books, not in our popular discourse.”

Speakers said that the posters underscored their sometimes painful experiences as minority members at a predominantly white university.

“I’m from Houston, Texas – one of the most conservative states in this country – and I did not experience racism until I got to this school,” said junior film production major Jae Staten.

Staten said he is one of three black film production students in Chapman’s class of 2020 and its only black male.

“This is only such a small problem of a big iceberg,” Staten said. “All we want is to be heard.”

While “The Birth of a Nation’s” poster holds a place of honor on the Dodge walls, a poster for “Dear White People,” a Netflix series written and directed by black Chapman alumnus Justin Simien is displayed on a trash can.

“Being a black student here at Chapman is basically like genocide of yourself,” said former BSU President Troy Allen. People of color “have spent so much of our time having to educate people around us of what we feel on a day-to-day basis that we don’t really have the time to process who we are and who we are becoming.”


Students participating in a ‘sit-in’ at Dodge. The protestors chanted phrases like, “Vote now, listen now” and “POC are not your props.” Photo by Autumn Sumruld.

Students of different races attended the protest.

“I benefit from a lot of white privilege, especially at this campus,” said sophomore philosophy major Katelyn Antilla. “It’s disturbing that Chapman continues to perpetuate ideas of white supremacy.”

Ronald McCants, a Dodge professor, said he was grateful to see so many “different faces” in the crowd.

“It’s not a black issue, it’s a Chapman issue,” said McCants, who is black.  

Passing “The Birth of a Nation” posters everyday forced McCants to relive the trauma and violence he endured as a minority. McCants lived in a predominantly white neighborhood in Springfield, Missouri and grew up picking cotton, he said.  

“I find it very difficult for me to ask you, as a professor, to have pride and love in your school when it is not currently showing you that same love, pride, and respect,” McCants said. “If it hurts one person, it is at least worthy of a conversation. But if it’s hurting many people, doesn’t it make sense to do something about it?”

In an email to the Dean of Dodge College, Dodge professors, and President Struppa, Faculty Senate President Paul Gulino said he disagrees with how the debate has been framed as, “art vs. censorship.”

I don’t accept that these two posters are art,” Gulino stated. “The poster collection is not in a classroom and isn’t in a museum. It’s time to recognize these posters for what they are: part of our hallway decor.”

The removal of the two posters “seems a reasonable accommodation to a reasonable objection,” Gulino said.

“If there is a desire to deploy them in the service of education about racism or racist ideologies, perhaps they can find a home elsewhere in which that context is clear,” said Gulino.

Dodge professors, including Johnny Jensen, Sally Rubin, Barry Blaustein and Bill Kroyer responded to Gulino’s email sharing their support.

“It’s a blemish on our school,” said Barry Blaustein. “To quote a colleague, ‘Joseph Mengele made contributions to the field of medicine, yet you don’t see his picture hanging in many medical schools.’”

“There is that old saying that the conflicts in academia are so vicious because the stakes are so low,” said Bill Kroyer. “This seems to be one of those times. It is a rather small, tinydeal to take down these artistically unremarkable posters. Clearly, the intense passion of the students outweighs the arguments to keep them up.”

Along with handmade posters, some students brought flags and “Black Lives Matter” bracelets to distribute to protestors. Photo by Autumn Sumruld.

A Chapman History Professor is Running for Congress

Liam O’Mara has an entire page on his website dedicated to his beard. Photo courtesy of Liam O’Mara for Congress.


A self-described outsider and “unabashedly a progressive” Chapman adjunct professor is throwing his hat into the ring for California’s 42nd District congressional race.

The campaign platform of William “Liam” O’Mara IV, a 44-year old professor in the history department emphasizes an “economic populist message.” Medicare for all, paid family and maternity leave and raising the minimum wage to $15 are among his top issues.

“Democratic politicians tend to emphasize those issues in moral terms, and they focus on how it’s just a better thing to do for people,” said O’Mara. “I want to emphasize the economic good that comes from it, because I think that these policies could be broadly appealing to Americans of all political backgrounds.”

The 42nd District, part of Riverside County, includes Corona, Lake Elsinore, and Murrieta. It is considered an “R+9” district by the Cook Partisan Voting Index’s 2017 data, which means that the district leans more conservative compared to the rest of the nation. The seat is currently occupied by Republican Kenneth Calvert, who has been in office since 1993.

A spokesperson for Calvert in an email to Prowl said that the congressman has no comment regarding O’Mara’s campaign.

People “are hungering for a bit more realness and authenticity from politicians,” said O’Mara, who wants to bring more integrity to elections.

“Trump’s completely unscripted streams of gibberish kind of appeal to people because he seems like an ordinary, relatable person. He’s not just reading the script,” O’Mara said. “People weren’t turned off by that…so maybe people would take me seriously in politics, like why not try?”

O’Mara considered a run in 2018, but decided to hold off.

The only other Democrat running as of April 15, Julia Peacock, ran against Calvert in the midterms, winning 43.5% to Calvert’s 56.5% slab of voters.

She said she was motivated to run after Donald Trump was elected president, and while she declined to address O’Mara’s campaign, she argued that she is the better candidate.

“I realized I had not used my privilege to its full potential…My commitment to this community, win or lose, sets me apart from every contender, including the 26-year incumbent,” Peacock wrote in an email to Prowl.

O’Mara’s focus now is on beating Peacock, a public school teacher with a strong public-education platform, in the March 2020 primary. He said he recognizes that he has to “considerably leave [Peacock] behind in the primary to secure the level of funding needed” to face Calvert in the general election, by becoming one of the top two vote getters in the primary.

While he is not accepting money from super PACs, O’Mara does not have a problem with receiving money from regular PACs.

PACs, or political action committees, are groups that can donate a specific amount of money directly to a campaign from individual contributions. Super PACs cannot have ties to a candidate, but can spend unlimited amounts of money to run ads supporting a candidate’s platform.

O’Mara said that he has raised about $10,000 from people who already know him, which does not include money from any PACs, unions, or constituents.

Television ads and billboards are a “complete waste of money,” in O’Mara’s opinion. He plans to spend the money he raises on paying canvassers to knock on doors.

Raising money is O’Mara’s biggest challenge, but he also acknowledges he lacks visibility and needs to get to know more people in his district.

Peacock endorses women’s rights to reproductive choice, campaign finance and gun reform legislation, and full funding for public schools and tuition-free college. She has pledged to protect Dreamers and work for immigration reform that provides a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. How, exactly, does her platform differ from O’Mara’s?

O’Mara concedes his platform does not differ much from Peacock’s, but says his focus on “basic kitchen table issues”  such as health care, will help win over voters in the conservative district.

Peacock also supports Medicare for all.

Health care is considered a top issue for voters going into 2020 according to a recent CNN survey, but support for Medicare for All has decreased while support for Medicare buy-ins have increased in the past year states a Quinnipiac University poll.

“Every time you take these sort of half measures,” O’Mara said about buy-ins, “all you’re doing is you’re providing more of a handout to a kind of pointless middlemen and insurance companies.”

However, the notion of universal health care is still a tough sell.

“People do say, ‘Oh you’re crazy socialist,’ and I will run into lots of people out there that make those kind of arguments. I’m going to have to engage on the substance of what socialism means,” O’Mara said.

O’Mara believes his experience as an educator – including his Chapman experience – will be a boon to his campaign.

“Having to learn how to boil down complex concepts into just a few minutes and communicating them effectively to students can probably be an advantage in boiling down complex issues in legislation,” said O’Mara.

O’Mara has received positive reactions to his run from the Chapman community.

“Liam is better able to see the deeper reasons behind some of our enduring problems like income inequality, racial discord, and difficulties in gaining full access to health care,” Gregory Daddis, the director of the master’s program in war and society, wrote in an email to Prowl.

Alex Bay, a sophomore kinesiology major and former student of O’Mara, says that his former professor’s background may aid him in his candidacy.

“He’s very educated on the world and has traveler to a variety of different place,” Bay said. “I feel like maybe his experiences through his travels and engagement with different cultures could be applied to his field of work.”

O’Mara does not want to give up teaching entirely if he wins. Though he fears for the world his students will inherit, he is hopeful for the future.

“It’s tempting sometimes for a lot of people to look around and say the world is full of sexism and violence and racism and all this bigotry,” said O’Mara, “But it’s nothing like what it was when I was a kid – and that is down to each new generation of younger people saying ‘we will not take this crap anymore.’”

Students Grade Some Professors Poorly on their Blackboard Usage

Students are tired of seeing a blank page in the “My Grades” section on Blackboard for classes where their professors choose not to post grades. Photo by Unsplash, text edit by Tiffany Chen.

How can students get the grades they want (those would be As) if they don’t receive feedback?

Some professors at Chapman don’t post grades on Blackboard nor do they give feedback to students. Others may return papers with grades but don’t post the grades on Blackboard, leaving students to do a rough form of math to figure out their standing in the semester.

“Grades aren’t posted in my Introduction to Managerial Accounting class. It is kind of annoying, because I can’t see how well I’m doing in-class,” said sophomore business administration major Jillian Yang. “There should be a policy saying that grades have to be posted somewhere.”

Chapman University does not require professors to post grades online, nor are they required to use the learning management system or to give students feedback at all, according to Vice Provost of Undergraduate Education Nina LeNoir.

Complaints come in two general categories: professors who don’t post grades on Blackboard or give concrete feedback on performance. Other students say they receive feedback via email, graded papers and conversation, but want the professors to use Blackboard so they can keep track of their grades with ease.

“Blackboard is a tool for teaching and how an instructor teaches is considered their purview, so it’s up to them what tools they want to use or not. It’s called academic freedom,” LeNoir said.

Scott Anderson, Yang’s Introduction to Managerial Accounting professor, defended his choice not to post grades on Blackboard. Frequently posting grades doesn’t help students learn because it doesn’t mirror “real-world” conditions, he said.

“It is a disservice to students if they can know where they are in the class. Because in the real-world, you don’t know how you’re doing until you’re promoted or fired. You can’t log onto somewhere and see how you are doing at your job. So, I am preparing my students for the real world by not posting grades on Blackboard,” Anderson said.

He does provide verbal or written feedback after each exam, he said. Technology gives students high expectations for communication, said Anderson.

“The concept of Blackboard is fabulous, but the problem with technology is that everybody believes that because we have tech, we need to conform to what tech allows us to do. Because there’s a grading tool on Blackboard, students expect every professor to post grades. But I don’t do it because I don’t think that it is appropriate,” Anderson said.

Gordon Babst, an associate professor of political science is another professor who does not post grades on Blackboard. Babst said posting grades on the platform could compromise student privacy.

“I don’t know if there is a possibility, but if other professors can access my students’ grades on Blackboard, I am uncomfortable with the students’ grades being open to the public,” Babst said. “If students are wondering about how well they are doing in-class, they can just come up to me and I will tell them.”

Only the department chair under which the professor teaches can view and have access to students’ grades on Blackboard, said Jana Remy, the Director of Educational Technology. Her department stands ready to help any professors who need assistance using Chapman’s online learning system, and regularly encourages teachers to reach out for help, she said.

Babst prefers to give feedback on physical papers and requests that students speak to him personally if they want to know their standing in the class. He encourages students to calculate their grades by looking at the syllabus to see how their assignments are weighted and doing the math.

“Points are written on the syllabus, so if students wanted to check their grades, they can just look at the syllabus and convert their grades into points,” Babst said.

The Faculty Handbook and Curriculum, guidelines and policies the Provost suggests faculty follow requires instructors to put their method of evaluation in the syllabus. Instructors must disclose the grading weight, scale, and important dates and deadlines for all assignments and exams.

Instead of posting grades online, Anderson and Babst keep track of students’ grades in a notebook throughout the semester. Both said they are familiar with Blackboard technology but simply choose not to use it for grading.

“I have never received a complaint about how I give students their grades,” Babst said.

Students have the responsibility of keeping track of grades and progress themselves, said LeNoir.

“Students should not expect professors to constantly update them about their performance. They should understand that they are responsible of tracking their grades in college,” LeNoir said. “How grading occurs and what the weight is for every assignment can be found in all syllabus guidelines. In K-12, you’re told what to do and grades are given to you. This is not true in colleges,” she added.

The Faculty Handbook and Curriculum, issued by the Faculty Senate an Provost, recommends professors provide students with feedback. “It is good practice [for instructors] to provide students with timely evaluation of their performance in the course. Good practice means for instructors to return student work with comments and/or scores within one week,” the handbook states.

The Faculty Manual, a list of mandatory policies for professors, requires professors to grade assignments and assign grades, but doesn’t require professors to give feedback or communicate grades until final grades are due.

The faculty manual advises instructors to create a positive learning environment but does not require professors to follow a specific agenda, leaving how and when to provide students with evaluation/assessment information up to the purview of the faculty member designing their class.

“If they could input grades for students to see, that would really benefit the students and give them a peace of mind,” said junior political science major, Hannah Richardson.

While some students complain of a lack of digital updates, other students are not given feedback from professors at all.

“We’ve done four or five assignments in my visual storytelling class but so far I have received no feedback regarding my grades or how well I am doing in-class,” said Jamie Cole, a junior PR and advertising major.

Cole’s visual storytelling professor told Prowl in an email he was in meetings and not available to comment.

Students are frustrated not knowing their grades after repeatedly asking professors for feedback but receiving none in return, Cole said.

“I don’t think it matters whether professors use Blackboard or not. As long as they post grades somewhere, I’m fine with them not using Blackboard. But I think there should be some policy requiring professors to disclose grades to students,” Cole said. But, she said, the semester is almost over and she has no idea if she’s heading for an “A” or an “F.”

Cole has no use for the grading guidelines in her syllabus because she hasn’t received any grades to calculate. “I am okay with using the syllabus to convert points into letter grades by myself,” Cole said.

”My professor hasn’t told anybody their grades on any assignments even after numerous students have asked him, so there is no way for us to know how we are doing in-class,” Richardson said.

“Frequent student assessment and evaluation is a fairly recent trend,” LeNoir said. “In the not too recent past, it would not be at all unusual to have only a midterm and final in a course,” she added.

In any situation where a student is dissatisfied with the way an instructor teaches, he or she should approach the instructor, then talk to the chair of the department if the problem is not being resolved, LeNoir said.

10 Tips and Tricks to Survive a Weekend Music Festival

Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, Indio, United States. Photo by Andrew Ruiz on Unsplash.

As Chapman students, we are located near some of the best and biggest music festivals in the country – Coachella, Desert Daze, and Outside Lands to name a few. These festivals can bring you together with other music lovers in your area, but if you’ve never attended a festival before, it may be intimidating knowing how to prepare. Here are 10 essential tips students should know before a weekend music festival.

1. Wear comfy shoes

No matter what festival you attend, make sure you’re wearing comfortable footwear. You will be walking and standing for hours on end, so be prepared.  Sneakers, cowboy boots, or comfy sandals are your best option. If you must wear those heels you’ve been dying to show off, make sure you put a gel or padded insole inside so you can romp around and dance to your favorite band without worrying that your feet are going to fall off.  

2. Bring your own snacks and drinks

Festival food may be delicious, but incredibly overpriced. Some festivals will let you bring in your own food and unopened drinks. Take a look at what’s allowed inside and take advantage of what you can bring so that you don’t end up springing $5 for a water bottle. Consider limiting yourself to one vendor-meal per day, which could end up saving a lot of money. If you’re of legal age, bringing your own alcoholic drinks can save you from buying a $10 beer later on.

Photo by Samantha Gades on Unsplash

3. Do your homework ahead of time

This cannot be stressed enough. You don’t want to be worrying about your calculus homework while you’re grooving to your favorite band. Music festivals are about community and freedom; don’t ruin the experience by procrastinating. I once witnessed my friend dictate an entire essay into her phone and search for Wi-Fi hours before turning it in. Don’t be that person.

Photo by Torian Mylott

4. Look online for resale tickets

Many people don’t think to look at alternative sources for tickets. Websites such as eBay are a great place to find resale tickets at a discounted price. Plus, it has a money-back guarantee in case you’re scammed. Through eBay, I was able to buy a weekend festival ticket for $250 less than face value. Always explore options before buying a full-priced ticket.

Photo courtesy of Claire Treu

5. Bring a backpack or fanny pack

A backpack or fanny pack is an essential. It’s easy to lose things if you’re carrying them in your pockets, and a shoulder purse can get in the way of dancing. The best way to enjoy the festival is hands-free, which is why a small bag or fanny pack are the way to go.

Photo courtesy of Claire Treu

6. Bring plenty of cash

Although credit and debit cards are usually accepted, you will need cash at some point. All vendors take cash and usually do not charge tax if you pay in bills. It is a hassle to fumble through your bag to get your debit card, and can take a while to finish the transaction if the Wi-Fi connection is poor. Avoid the hassle by bringing cash.

Photo courtesy of Claire Treu

7. Explore and check out vendors

Vendors are often one of the most overlooked parts of a festival. Many vendors are local business owners that offer a wide variety of goods. If you want to find something unique and support local businesses, make sure you take time to check out the vendors at a festival.

Photo courtesy of Ashley Goeken

8. Have a copy of the schedule and line-up

Most schedules are posted online, but constantly scrolling through your phone will run down your precious battery life and take you out of the experience. Bands will be performing all day, so bring a physical copy of the schedule to make sure you don’t miss out on any bands.

Photo courtesy of Michael Holmes

9. Bring bathroom supplies

If you find a festival with running water and showers, thank your lucky stars. Most festivals only offer portable toilets. If you want to freshen up after a day of dancing in the sun, bring your own supplies like toilet paper, baby wipes, and hand sanitizer.

Photo courtesy of Claire Treu

10. Have fun!

Now that the stressful  part is over, the most important thing is to have fun. See your favorite artists, spend time with your friends, and enjoy yourself! You won’t be able to experience this magic again until next year.

Photo by Torian Mylott

Former Chapman President James Doti Becomes the Oldest Kidney Donor in UCI Medical History

Pajama party! Jose Luis Tolento thanked James Doti, president of Chapman University from 1991 – 2016, at UCI Medical Center after receiving a kidney from him.Photo Courtesy of Lynne Doti.

President Emeritus James Doti became the oldest kidney donor in UCI Medical Center’s history when he gave a kidney to a 54-year-old Santa Ana cabinet maker over spring break.

Jose Luis Tolento, a worker at a millwork manufacturing company, unknown to Doti, received the 72-year-old’s kidney on March 18.

“I didn’t know the recipient beforehand,” Doti said. “This was because of privacy rules. All I was told is that the recipient was a good match.”

“I am now the oldest donor in the history of UCI’s transplants,” Doti wrote in an email to Prowl.

Doti’s standing as the oldest donor at the facility was confirmed by a spokesman for the medical center.

Doti’s altruism came as a welcome surprise to Tolento, whose life pre-transplant was constantly interrupted by visits to a dialysis center to keep him alive.

“I knew nothing. They spoke to me a week before [the operation] about a man who was going to donate [his kidney],” said Tolento during an interview conducted in Spanish. “It was so they could run some tests to see if we were compatible. Afterwards, on Friday, they told me that we were a match.”

“A friend of mine, Heidi Miller, donated her kidney to another friend of mine, Bruce Cook. She inspired me to donate my kidney,” Doti said.

Tolento, who had been on the waitlist and receiving dialysis for more than six years, needed a new kidney due to a condition involving high blood pressure. He was “very happy” to hear that he would receive a kidney transplant.

As of June 2018, 669 people were on the kidney transplant waitlist at the UCI Medical Center. More than 100,000 people nationwide were on transplant lists in 2016, with each waiting an average of 3.6 years, according to the National Kidney Foundation.

After the operation, Doti and Tolento met in the hospital.

“They told me he also wanted to meet me so we met in the hospital.” Tolento said.“Yes [we did speak]. I thanked him for being my donor.”

“It was a very emotional experience. The fact that I was able to give Jose and his family a new lease on life made me feel like I really did something significant to help another person,” Doti said. “When Jose’s granddaughter hugged me and wouldn’t let go, we both cried.”

The percentage of surviving kidney transplant recipients with a functioning transplant after one year is 99.2 percent at UCI, according to the SRTR. This exceeds the national average of 97.5 percent.

While Doti is the oldest donor in UCI’s history, he is not the oldest worldwide. An 83-year-old donor living in the UK donated his kidney to a stranger in 2012, according to The Guardian.

The most common age group for kidney donors at the UCI Medical Center is 35-49 years, according to the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. However, anyone can donate a kidney as long as they pass various medical tests, compatibility tests and blood tests.

Kidneys from living donors over the age of 70 have a higher chance of survival than from a younger deceased donor, according to a John Hopkins Medicine study.

Tolento said he was untroubled to receive a kidney 18 years older than he was. The former president “is almost my age. He’s just a bit older than me.”

Tolento looks forward to working full-time again once he’s fully recovered in about three months, while Doti continues to teach his Wednesday “Econometrics” class at Chapman. Although it may be a stretch, Doti hopes to participate in the OC Half Marathon in May.

“My main hope is that I might be able to inspire other people, especially older people like me, to donate a kidney. We really only need one, and there are so many other desperate families waiting and waiting for one,” Doti said.

There were 21,167 kidney transplants in the United States last year.  Only 6,442 of those were living donors such as Doti, according to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network.

If you would like to know more about becoming a kidney donor, click here.


Border wall “emergency” a misuse of presidential powers, say Chapman Profs

A portion of the southern wall that borders Tijuana. © Tomas Castelazo, www.tomascastelazo.com / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

UPDATE: President Donald Trump vetoed the proposed resolution on Friday. The House of Representatives will vote to override the veto on March 26.

A resolution to overturn the president’s national emergency declaration passed the House of Representatives and the Senate by a 59-41 vote on Thursday. Twelve Republicans voted alongside the Democratic senators including Mitt Romney of Utah, Susan Collins of Maine and Marco Rubio of Florida.

With the question of President Donald Trump’s national emergency declaration up in the air, Chapman professors acknowledge that his efforts in securing funds for his multi-billion dollar border wall could wind up backfiring.

“Trump clearly believes that he needs to deliver this to his base to have any chance of winning reelection,” assistant political science professor John Compton wrote in an email. “But the Democrats also view it as a winning issue for them – one that will get their voters to the polls as well.”

“A national emergency [on immigration] establishes a terrible precedent,” said political science professor Fred Smoller. “It’s unprecedented” and “subverts the legislative process,” Smoller said.

Trump declared a national emergency on Feb. 15, hoping to siphon federal funds from other programs to build a border wall between the U.S. and Mexico. He believes a wall is the best way to stop the tide of Central American refugees – many of them women and children – fleeing desperate conditions in the Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador and seeking sanctuary in the U.S. His opponents argue that changing international policy and providing aid to solve conflicts in their countries of origin would be a better and more effective solution.

The “national emergency” declaration has prompted 16 states to sue President Trump for abusing his presidential power. Led by California, states such as New York, Hawaii, Virginia, and Colorado believe the declaration is unconstitutional and detrimental to military projects.

“Congress has enacted legislation authorizing the President to declare emergencies, and to spend money to address them, so it’s not clear that the President is directly usurping…congressional authority,” Compton said.

“It could be argued that legislation that delegates sweeping emergency spending powers to the President is itself a violation of the separation of powers, in the sense that Congress cannot delegate its spending authority to the executive branch,” he added.

With over $6 billion worth of vulnerable funds at risk, military construction projects and drug trafficking prevention efforts would feel the greatest impact, according to court documents.

In the past, states of emergency have been declared after major events such as the 1979 Iranian Hostage Crisis and the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Sanctions, a form of emergency power, have been issued as a result of tense international relations such as on those who threatened Yemen’s stability and placed on foreign interference in the United States elections.

“A national emergency [declaration]” in this case, may be an effect “of an untethered presidency,” Smoller said.

The action may impact the president’s future re-electability and have an effect on the credibility of the office of the president, he added.

Nor is the move winning us many allies.

“It will hurt our relations with Mexico and may result in less goodwill towards us from that and other countries,” wrote Gordon Babst, associate professor of political science.

Since Trump’s emergency declaration, 6 in 10 Americans disapprove of his decision, according to a poll by NPR/PBS Newshour/Marist.

“This situation offers a great lesson in how the political situation actually works” Compton wrote.

“The question then becomes: what can Congress do if it believes the President is abusing the authority it has delegated?,” he added.

President Trump is expected to veto the measure, according to media reports. The legislation would then require a two-thirds vote from both chambers of Congress to override the presidential veto.

Prowlin’ on a Penny

You can save money as a Chapman student simply by flashing your Chapman ID. Voila! Instant VIP discounts. The following businesses all extend a discount to Chapman students. Why are we so special? Businesses want our repeat business, and they know we’re likely to be in their neighborhood for at least a couple years. These local eateries offer a 10 percent discount to Chapman students.

The Pizza Press

Photo Courtesy of The Pizza Press

155 N. Glassell St.
Orange, CA 92866

Open every day 11:00am – 1:00am

Along with a set menu of pizza combinations, The Pizza Press offers a wide array of toppings: smoked gouda, fresh basil, bourbon bacon, and others that are prepared fresh daily. The Chapman community can enjoy 10 percent off their order when they show their Chapman ID. The Pizza Press is a supporter of the “Cancer for College” foundation. For every fountain drink purchased, a portion of the proceeds will go to the charity.

Blaze Fast-Fire’d Pizza

Photo by @kaieatsworld on Instagram

101 S. Glassell St.
Orange, CA 92866

Open every day 11:00am – 11:00pm

At Blaze Fast-Fire’d Pizza, customers can enjoy a whole pizza for under $10.  Customers have an option between “signature pizzas” or a “build your own.” Blaze offers vegan cheese and vegan protein for plant-based customers. Show the cashier your Chapman ID, and choose between taking ten percent off your meal or enjoying a free drink. Blaze also prides themselves upon offering customers gourmet agua frescas.

The Aussie Bean 

Photo by Brooke Wimmer

112 E. Maple Ave.

Orange, CA 92866

Monday-Friday 7AM – 5PM

Weekends 8AM – 6PM

This coffee shop is run by Chapman grad Natalie Halfacre, class of ‘08, who brought her love for Australian coffee back to Orange. The Aussie Bean shows its Chapman pride by offering ten percent off any order. (Pro tip: sign up for their Square Up program. Every dollar spent transfers into reward stars, which can land you a free drink.)

Green Tomato Grill

Photo by @eatwithnorma on Instagram

1419 N. Tustin St.
Orange, CA 92867

Weekdays: 8am – 9pm
Weekends: 9am – 9pm

Past the Orange Circle, but worth the drive to escape a ramen diet, is health food eatery Green Tomato Grill. The menu offers an array of whole food meals such as rice bowl, melts, tacos, wraps and stews. Cashiers take ten percent off your purchase with a Chapman ID.

The Pie Hole

Photo Courtesy of The Pie Hole

177 N Glassell St
Orange, CA 92866

Mon-Wed 8 a.m. -10 p.m.
Thurs 8 a.m. -11 p.m.
Fri – Sat 8 a.m. -12 a.m.
Sun 8 a.m. -11 p.m.

After ace-ing that midterm, Pie Hole offers “I deserve this” desserts. Pie is served by the slice with flavors like Mexican chocolate, earl grey, strawberry lavender and—the most eye catching—Cereal Killer.  Anyone with a Chapman ID card can receive a 10 percent discount off any purchase.

Hug Life

Photo by @2dollartacos on Instagram

3505 Chapman Ave.

Orange, CA 92869

Open every day 12pm – 11pm

This dessert spot opened in August of 2018 next door to the In-N-Out on Chapman Avenue. It is notable for its “anti-dairy” treats. Vegans, those with celiac disease, or those with nut allergies can indulge in creatively-named ice cream such as Green Goblin (mint chip) or Sesame Street (roasted black sesame with dark chocolate). Mention you are a Chapman student and enjoy a free topping!

Sodexo (yes, really)

The Chapman eAccounts online page allows Chapman ID card owners to deposit as little as ten dollars into their “declining balance” account. From there, students can enjoy tax-free food from anywhere on campus when paying with an ID card.