The new ban on e-cigarette flavors is creating restrictions that reach beyond kids

“I tried (vaping) and I was like this is like smoking a cigarette. But I’m not waking up with phlegm in my throat, my clothes aren’t reeking, and it’s cheaper,” said Alex Hallerman, a junior communications major. Photo by Wikimedia Commons.

Use of e-cigarettes by high school students has jumped 78 percent since last year while middle schoolers saw a 48 percent increase, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 

Vaping and e-cigarettes have become such a dangerous trend among youth, that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) believes it to have reached epidemic proportions according to FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb.

There is evidence that nicotine, a highly addictive substance found in cigarettes and vapes, can harm the brain development of teenagers. Studies have also shown that vaping in earlier years has a stronger link to later use of regular cigarettes and other tobacco products, according to the American Cancer Society.

“This troubling reality is prompting us to take even more forceful action” – such as ending the sales of flavored e-cigarettes, banning flavors in cigars, banning the market of e-cigarette products to children and finally, banning menthol flavor for cigarettes and cigars – “to stem this dangerous trend,” Gottlieb said.  

This new ban will restrict flavors that appeal to kids, such as cherry and vanilla, from being sold in retail stores and some online manufacturers. Following the proposals, the FDA took action in September 2018 to begin the process by issuing out warning letters and fines to retailers who illegally sold e-cigarette products to minors, according to the American Cancer Society. Still, some Chapman students believe that this proposal won’t have much of an impact on the vaping habits for young people.

Juul user Alyssa Houston, 20, is below California’s 21+ legal age to buy any tobacco-related products. But Houston either has her older friends buy Juul pods for her or she goes to select gas stations where she knows that she won’t get carded, she said.

“Personally, I only like mint so I’m not affected by [the ban] but I feel like people [who are affected] will still find a way to get the flavors they like,” said the junior communications major.

Though the proposal was made to deter recreational use by kids, limiting flavors and methods in which students get their e-cigarette supplies appears to be insufficient to curb existing addictions for some.

After being introduced to a Juul through a friend during her senior year of high school, Houston said she has been hooked ever since.

Smoking her Juul has become more about the habit and less about the sensation, she said. While the Juul gives her the occasional head rush, “after hitting it all day long, it eventually doesn’t faze you,” Houston said.

Then, there’s the habit: “There’s just a feeling of having (a Juul pen) – it’s like having your cell phone on you,” Houston said.

Raising the age restriction from 18 to 21 for California back in 2016 was the first attempt to impede the rising popularity of e-cigarettes among youth. However, age laws are becoming futile as students have found ways to bypass the rules.

Houston agrees that e-cigarette usage and kids are not a good combination. “I know people who will do it in the movie theaters and stuff but it’s like, have respect for other people. Also, when there are kids around I feel bad so I don’t do it around them,”  Houston said.

While Houston restricts her Juul use around kids, she thinks Juuling is just a new trend in society, she said.

“It’s sad that little kids are doing it but I also think that there’s always something new that comes out that’s not good for kids and it’s better that it’s this than something worse,” Houston said.

The most important thing when it comes to vaping is finding the right merchant, said Tori Erikson, a freshman biology major.

Erikson began vaping with a mod (a bigger type of e-cigarette) when she was 17-years-old.  

“Once the law passed [that changed the age restriction], a lot of shop owners would still sell to their past customers,” Erikson said.

Erikson was able to get e-cigarette juice through friends who had forged relationships with a merchant or supplier while they were still underage.

But some argue that vaping is a less harmful way to ingest a substance – nicotine – to which they have long been addicted.

Since smoking a pack of cigarettes a day since he was 17-years-old, Alex Hallerman was able to quit his two-year-long relationship with tobacco by switching to vapes, said the junior communications major.

The FDA’s proposition could prevent other students who are in similar situations, Hallerman said.

Before making the switch, he tried nicotine gum, the patch, and even Chantix, a smoking cessation aid that can help people quit smoking, he said.

“That’s what my parents pushed me towards but I was like, ‘no you don’t understand. I need the hand-to-mouth thing,’” Hallerman said.

David Daleo, the owner of Dr. Vapor, the Old Towne Vape shop in the circle, is concerned that the ban will keep more people smoking cigarettes.

“When you vape something that tastes completely different than tobacco, you enjoy it. I know that their concern is that we’re going after kids, but adults like flavor too,” Daleo said.

After targeting larger companies such as Juul Labs, the mounting pressure from the FDA has made the company suspend sales of their flavored pods at their stores. But gas stations, convenience stores, and other outlets are still able to sell Juul products.

As of right now, Daleo isn’t worried about his two vape stores. He believes much more robust legislation will need to occur before his storefronts will lose sales.

“I see the concern but until they start focusing on California I’m not worried. Once they do, it’ll be the death of our industry,” he said. “We pride ourselves in having a variety and I have hundreds of flavors here.”

The Christmas Gifts You Never Wanted

We all know the excitement of holding a wrapped present during the holiday season, and then opening that gift and thinking to yourself “Why did they get me this?” It’s either something you’d never use, something you’d never wear, or something that makes you think “wtf grandma.” It’s safe to say most of us have been there before, so here’s what some Chapman students had to say about their bad gift experiences.


Photo courtesy of Brett Hayes.

When I was 11 me and a couple of other people went to my friends house during winter break to hang out and she said she had gifts for us. She gave my other friends gift cards and other things you would want for Christmas, but when it was my turn she gave me and one of our other friend hangers. In her defense they were nice hangers, but like who wants hangers as a Christmas gift?

– Brett Hayes ’19


Photo courtesy of Dylan Dahle.

When I was 15 my mom gave me condoms for Christmas. It was super awkward because you don’t really want to talk about that stuff with your mom when you’re 15, and especially when it’s Christmas.

– Dylan Dahle ’21


Photo by Claire Tafoya.

In my life I’ve been given around seven Bibles and I’m not really religious at all. I usually get them from my Irish side of the family, but I once got one from a friend. I don’t know what to do with them so they just sit on my bookshelf untouched with these cross necklaces I’ve been given over the years.

– Davis Anderson ’20


Photo by Claire Tafoya.

When I was really young a family friend got me a really expensive lip pencil but being like 8 years old I was really confused because all I wanted was toys.

– Alya Hijazi ’21


Photo Courtesy of Zack Morse.

My family always has Christmas dinners with two of our close family friends, and they always give really bad gifts. About two years ago one of the families gave me and my brother fake lottery tickets. We didn’t even realize they were fake until we thought we won and our dad pointed out that the back said “for entertainment purposes only.”

– Zack Morse ’19

Even though it’s fun to make jokes about how bad some gifts are, it’s important to remember the holidays are about more than just presents. Take the time over break to relax, enjoy life, surround yourself with the people you love, and put the extra mile into your gifts so you don’t end up on a list of worst gift givers.

Holiday Horror Stories: When ‘The Most Wonderful Time of the Year’ Gets Weird

Some students are excited to go home and reunite with their families for the holidays. Others…not so much. Some families are notorious for having disastrous experiences at gatherings, so certain students may have some difficulty getting excited. On the bright side, holiday horror stories provide “remember when” fodder for the next time everyone convenes!  Here are five Chapman students who have had holiday gatherings go south.

The Wannabe Elf

My mom and I were decorating the fresh Christmas tree my dad and I picked the day before. It’s our tradition to put the star on the tree together. Because this tree was so tall, my mom insisted on getting the ladder to place the star instead of standing on the couch as I usually do. I decided with star in hand to leap for the top of the tree. In what turned out to be an epic Elf move, I took the whole tree with me on my way down.

-Sarah Kaino, junior communications and theater major.


The Drunk Reveal

My family get-togethers have always been a little crazy, as drinking is part of it. When I was 15, my extended family on my dad’s side came for Christmas Eve. The dinner was going great until my very intoxicated uncle spilled that he secretly dated my dad’s ex after college. My uncle thought it was hilarious but my dad started yelling at him, creating a screaming match between the two of them. My mom ended up storming out of the dining room and it was just silent for a good 10 minutes.

-Melissa Olsen, sophomore strategic corporate communication major.



Canine Christmas Saboteurs

My parents bought my siblings and I baskets filled with chocolate, cookies and all that good sweet stuff. Some of the treats were baked by my grandma from Japan so those baskets were really special. On Christmas morning, we woke up to chocolate… everywhere. My four dogs murdered the baskets, the crumbs and sweets stained all the carpets. My parents were not too happy about cleaning chocolate stains on Christmas.

-Stephanie Parish, freshman history major.


The Wandering Geese

My family and I were going to a ski resort the week before Christmas. We trudged through snow for 20 minutes to get to our resort cabin. The door for our cabin would not budge and we pushed on it for a good five minutes. When a woman opened the door, we realized we went to the wrong cabin. The woman didn’t even flinch when she saw all of us in puffy jackets standing outside her door. She invited us in for cocoa which was super nice! But after that, we realized we went the wrong way and had to walk another 40 minutes to get back to our cabin. By then we had lost all feeling in our toes, hands, and faces.

-Riley Kendall,  junior biochemistry major.


Extra Brandy for the Extra Family

My aunt was making sangria for Thanksgiving. Our family likes sangria and family get-togethers are a good excuse for it. Her recipe calls for brandy and she poured in a whole jug. But the pomegranate juice disguised the taste, so people drank it like fruit juice. My family tends to let out all their problems when they’re drunk. They rambled about their childhood and blamed each other for their present problems. Oh – and I threw up.  

-Axl Avenue, sophomore strategic and corporate communications major.



This time, it’s PERSONAL: 10 DIY Gifts You Can Make in One Sitting

Giving gifts in holiday “Secret Santa” swaps and white elephant gift exchanges can be so unsentimental and impersonal. Here are 10 inexpensive and easy to make do-it-yourself gifts likely to make the recipient remember you long after they’ve used up the balance on the Amazon and Starbuck cards they received from less crafty gift givers.

1. Handmade Clay Dishes

These stylish bowls can be various sizes and hold more than just rings; they can be plant saucers or hold office supplies as well.  Photo by Lily Currin.

These polymer clay ring dishes look glamorous but are actually simple and cheap to make. But how? To achieve the marble effect, roll together multiple strands of colored polymer clay, flatten, shape it in an oven-safe bowl, and bake according to the clay’s instructions.  Spice it up with a simple finish and line the rims with gold acrylic paint after baked.

2. Hot Cocoa Ornaments 

Sprinkles, peppermint candies, and marshmallows add a pop of festive color to a hot cocoa ornament.  Photo via Instagram user Sprinklesomefun.

Fill a clear glass ornament with hot cocoa mix to brighten the day of any recipient. You’ll need 2 cups of confectioners sugar, 1 cup of cocoa powder, and 2 cups of powdered milk to make your own homemade hot cocoa mix. Then funnel the mixture into the ornaments and drop in your favorite toppings. Just add hot water and you’ll have hot cocoa wherever you go! If you want to hang it on your tree, the cap might need additional support for the weight, so be sure to secure the top with clear packing tape.

3. An Artful Mug

This customized mug can be personalized to match the interests of your gift recipient.  Photo by Lily Currin.

Give your friends a warm reminder that you care every morning. You can customize any dishwasher safe mug when you use paint sharpies and then bake for 30 minutes at 350 degrees Fahrenheit.  

4. Mystery Movie Box

Include enough snacks for two and you’ll have a built-in movie night for you and the recipient.  Photo via Instagram user Creativecarepackages.

All this gift takes is a classic DVD from the discount bin at Walmart and some appropriate snacks to throw in a fun movie themed box.  A mystery movie box is likely to appeal to any cinephile. To go the extra mile, try picking one of the recipient’s favorite films and include small trinkets or memorable treats that were enjoyed by the characters.

5. A Customized Plant 

This painted face gives personality to a miniature cactus. Photo by Lily Currin.

Make sure your gift doesn’t “succ” and give this one a try. Succulents are very trendy and don’t need much tending – a good choice for a gift to last well beyond the holidays. Customize the plant’s container by using acrylic paint to inscribe a specific face or design that is meaningful to the recipient, just make sure to paint before potting the plant!

6. Holiday Tea Bags

Adding labels to the peppermint tea bags is a simple and helpful touch. Photo by Lily Currin.

This gift could warm anyone’s heart this holiday season. These tea bags are so customizable you can make everything from hearts to tree bags.  All you need is tea filter paper, a needle and thread, and your favorite holiday blend.

7. Homemade Bath Products

Himalayan salt infused with a lavender scent can create a calming bath for stressed students. Photo by Lily Currin.

This self-care gift is so easy it doesn’t even require a trip to Lush! You can make an ordinary bath more relaxing by infusing Himalayan salt with your favorite combination of natural essential oils. Give the gift of a release from the stress of finals and provide them the relaxing break they deserve.

8. Make Their Own Gift

A watercolor set, brushes, and sketchpad is sure to be a welcomed challenge for any artist. Photo by Lily Currin.

For the artist friend, gather some supplies they may not use often so they can experiment and make their own gift. This is a perfect present if you are intimidated by the do-it-yourself aspect of the other gifts.

9. A Personalized Vase

Acrylic paint won’t run with minor exposure to water. Photo by Lily Currin.

Flowers are a classic gift, so why not go the extra step? Simply use acrylic paint and painters tape to keep lines straight before applying paint. Customizing an old glass bottle to use as a vase is an eco-correct way to match a specific décor or upgrade a holiday bouquet.

10. The Gift of Style

The Chapman University shirt was cut in a triangle shape and given a new handsewn collar with an eyelet fabric.  The “Love is Love” shirt was tie-dyed and the message was ironed on. Photo by Lily Currin.

Customized shirts are a cheap way to add some original flare to your recipient’s wardrobe. You can tie dye, cut, or iron on messages to any t-shirt you desire. It’s a way to show their personality or show some school spirit.

First-generation student is first Chapman Rhodes scholar

Chapman’s first Rhodes Scholar, senior biochemistry and molecular biology major Vidal Arroyo. Photo courtesy of Vidal Arroyo.

Vidal Arroyo was the first member of his family to go to college and is now Chapman’s first student to receive the Rhodes Scholarship. He was one of 32 students chosen for the scholarship from a pool of over 2,500 applications nationwide, according to Rhodes Trust.

Chapman joined the more than 320 American institutions who have had applicants accepted into the highly selective program. Arroyo, a biochemistry and molecular biology major, was one of two winners from District 16, the Los Angeles District, that was compiled of students from top schools such as Stanford and Berkely.

The scholarship covers full expenses for students to study at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom for up to four years, relieving financial issues Arroyo has considered a barrier between himself and academics throughout his academic career.

“It’s a blessing, I think it will be the first time I’ll be in an environment where I’m not battling against some barrier,” he said. “I’ll actually be on an equal playing field and feel what that feels like for the first time.”

The Rhodes Scholarship wasn’t even on Arroyo’s radar last spring when he was planning to study in Israel through the Fulbright Program, a U.S. student exchange program that provides individually designed grants. But he was encouraged to apply to other programs in the UK by Julye Bidmead, the Director of the Office of Fellowships and Scholar Programs.

Bidmead helps students with scholarships she believes are a good fit for them and the application processes but recommends the Rhodes Scholarship to a select few students, she said.

“It’s a really competitive scholarship,” she said. “I won’t encourage it if they don’t have the credentials.”

Bidmead has been working with Arroyo since his sophomore year and has helped him apply to seven or eight scholarships. Only two or three students from Chapman apply to the Rhodes Scholarship each year, she said.

“He’s a hard worker, self-motivated, and follows through,” Bidmead said about Arroyo. “He has a desire to help other people.”

At Oxford, Arroyo said he will be studying statistics and partnering with faculty in the department who work with genetics through machine learning and artificial intelligence algorithms, he said.

The past two summers Arroyo spent away from his home in Rancho Santa Margarita researching pediatric cancer at Baylor College of Medicine through funding received from the National Cancer Institute. Arroyo and his team discovered current statistical methods don’t work well with small data sets that are used for analyzing rare diseases, an issue that inspired him to pursue studying the area, he said.

“We worked designing new ways to analyze data so that we can bring the reality of personalized data not just to really common diseases, but also to rare diseases where there’s not as much data to deal with,” Arroyo explained.

After Oxford, he wants to continue pursuing his education with an M.D./Ph.D.

While Arroyo will be studying algorithms, genetics, and statistics, Rhodes scholar Jin Kyu Park plans to use the opportunity to study at Oxford to explore citizenship and membership in American society, he said in an interview with CNN.

Park, a senior at Harvard, is the first undocumented immigrant to receive the Rhodes scholarship, according to Rhodes Trust. Park’s immigration is covered by Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), the first year DACA recipients were eligible for the scholarship.

President Donald Trump ordered an end to DACA, first reported by The New York Timesand said he’d phase the program’s protections out on Sept. 5, 2018.

As one of the approximate 700,000 young adults who were brought to the United States illegally as children who qualify for DACA, Park is concerned about getting back into the U.S. after traveling to Oxford, he said in an interview with PRI.

“Like everybody else, he’s very deserving of the award,” Arroyo said about Park. “[The program] is going to have to work it out at some level for him.”

Almost half of this year’s winners are immigrants or first-generation Americans, and the majority of the scholars are minorities. In addition, the 21 women who received the scholarship makeup the greatest number of female recipients in a year, according to Rhodes Trust.

The other scholar selected from District 16, in addition to Arroyo, is one of those women: Madison L. Tung in the Air Force Academy. Tung is an acquaintance of Arroyo’s from high school, the two connected through wrestling.

In high school, Arroyo didn’t always have dreams of going to college, but it paid off.

“I’m thankful to have come to Chapman,” Arroyo said. “This was definitely the place for me to be.”

New DeVos policies could give credibility to those accused of sexual misconduct

New policies from Betsy DeVos provide more protections to those accused of sexual assault. Photo by Mari Lundin. 

United States Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos is trying to change the policies that outline what an American university –  like Chapman – is required to do upon receiving claims of sexual misconduct, leaving each institution questioning what constitutes a clear example of harassment or assault and amplifying protection of accused students.

DeVos has proposed to rework the precise definition of sexual harassment to “unwelcome conduct on the basis of sex that is so severe, pervasive and objectively offensive that it denies a person access to the school’s education program or activity.” In addition, the rules on how colleges handle cases withdraw from Obama-era guidelines and advocate for a policy that would make it more difficult for victims to file a legitimate claim.  

The proposed guidelines contradict the previous secretary’s definition of sexual violence, in which anything “perpetrated against a person’s will” or without a person’s consent is deemed legitimate.

Her proposal, first leaked by the New York Times in August, give more protection to students accused of sexual harassment or assault by narrowing the definition and they also relieve colleges of responsibility for incidences that take place off campus and limit the liability of institutions that abide by Title IX procedures when it comes to matters of sexual misconduct.

Allegations could now require “clear and convincing evidence” rather than the current “preponderance of evidence” the Obama era has implemented.

“Students will feel less inclined to report harassment if these policies get approved,” said Kiley Snow, a junior biochemistry major. “I don’t think these changes will benefit students, especially victims, at all.”

In addition to following standard Title IX procedures, Chapman abides by state and federal laws regarding sexual harassment and misconduct policies. This means if the federal laws change, the policies that Chapman follows will, as well.

Should the proposals be implemented, victims of sexual assault and harassment will be even more reluctant to report crimes than they are now, said Dani Smith, Rape Crisis Counselor and Health Education Director.

Over 90 percent of women who experience sexual assault on-campus do not report it, according to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center.

“People who are violated minimize what happened,” Smith explained.

The definition of assault and harassment could also be weakened with the implementation of the new rules, making it more difficult for campus administrators to discipline those accused, Smith said.

Smith is also the leader of P.E.E.R. (Proactive Education Encouraging Responsibility) and C.A.R.E.S. (Creating a Rape-Free Environment for Students), which stand as Chapman resources that extend a shoulder for student victims of sexual misconduct.

Because her department is not in charge of investigations, Smith says all she and those involved in campus programs can do as counselors is act as confidential bodies of support for Chapman victims.

While Smith attempts to prevent harassment and assault through education, DeAnn Gaffney, the Lead Title IX Coordinator at Chapman, along with a team of university investigators, is in charge of the actual investigation process.

“Our Title IX investigation process is impartial and neutral so investigators hear from all parties,” Gaffney said.

Because the Department of Education hasn’t come out with an official proposal yet, Gaffney said the effect the changes have or don’t have will depend on how the policies are worded and structured.

Regardless, Chapman is required to follow local, state, and federal laws, she explained.

The new proposals from DeVos are “a step backward,” said senior kinesiology major and C.A.R.E.S. member Jess Quimpo, of the new policy. “It’s already hard enough for survivors to even go through such a process.”

Quimpo believes that narrowing the definition will further harm survivors.

“There is a problem of finding the right needs for survivors and/or the person who is being accused of sexual assault,” Quimpo said.

For immediate assistance on campus, students often turn to Public Safety. But, Public Safety does not respond to assaults alleged to have occurred off campus.

Should a student be assaulted or harassed, they can report to both the police and the university. But, each institution handles the situation separately, according to Gaffney.

Chief of Public Safety Randy Burba said that Chapman officials are designated to report any sexual misconduct allegation under Title IX that occurs on campus.

However, since the reporting policy only applies to instances that occur on Chapman grounds, if something happens off off campus, Public Safety typically turns over those cases to law enforcement, according to Burba.  

“The umbrella of [these instances] is a hostile environment,” Gaffney said. “Events off campus can create a hostile environment on campus so you have to analyze that very seriously, I mean I don’t know how you can exclude that.”

As of now, Public Safety complies with the federal definition of sexual misconduct. Thus, their response to each report may vary as the law does, as well.

Double the work, double the pain, what’s the gain?

Student, Jillie Herrold, studying in Leatherby Libraries. Photo by Madison Taber.

Senior screenwriting and history double-major Jake Naturman decided sophomore year that he wanted to graduate a year early.

In order to achieve this, he took two required pre-thesis classes for history, as well as intensive screenwriting classes and other projects he was already working on outside of class. Naturman carried 18 credits last spring.

“[That semester] I would come home from class every single day, plop down on my bed, and scream into my pillow before dragging myself up and getting to work on whatever I needed to do,” Naturman said.

Naturman is among the 7.6 percent of undergraduate students at Chapman currently pursuing double majors, according to the Assistant Director of Chapman’s Institutional Research Office, Robert Pankey.

Pankey described this percentage as “pretty steady,” inching up less than one percent in four years.

Many students believe that double majoring will give them a leg up in the job search after they graduate and enter the workforce. But is the extra work worth it?

Naturman double-majored to be better prepared to meet his objectives –  writing historically accurate films.

“Being a historian has made my writing process even better, especially with regards to research,” Naturman said. “[That] gives me a slight edge over people who might not have that experience.”

Even with two majors, Naturman has completed a summer screenwriting internship at Impact Pictures and is on track to graduate a year early, this spring.

It turns out that double majoring may, in fact, yield financial benefits.

Christos A. Makridis, a Ph.D. Candidate in Labor and Public Economics at Stanford University, conducted his own analysis that assessed more than two million full-time workers between the ages of 20 and 65. His research showed that those who double-majored in various subject combinations earned between 3.4 and 9.5 percent more than those with one major depending on their field of study.

Research that was conducted prior to Makridis’ did not show results as clear as Makridis’ and was constructed from smaller groups of individuals.

Alex Neff, a senior communications and psychology double major, believes she had the upper hand against other applicants in a past job interview because of her double-major.

“They were communication majors while I was that plus psychology,” Neff said. “My now new boss was very impressed and thought my majors were applicable in the business world.”

Neff hopes her double major will help her in the competitive job market.

“So far [being a double-major] has shown me that with dedication I can honestly do anything because it sounded like a lot but here I am doing it,” she said.

Double-majors may have an extra additive to their resume, but at least two employers said double-majoring paled when compared to what they truly value: relevant work experience.

“While a double-major may speak to a candidate’s academic commitment and work ethic, it would not automatically trump an applicant who had only one major,” said, Karl Kreutziger, president of  C.W. Driver Companies.

“The most competitive applicants in our field have a combination of academic studies,  work or internship experience, and student extra-curricular activities such as student clubs or members of academic competitions,” Kreutziger said.

Kreutziger emphasized the importance of students having hands-on experience.

“The applied part of their studies is where we really see the differentiators among applicants. Ideally, we try to hire college applicants who have at least two or more industry internships over their college career,” Kreutziger said.

“Experience is more important: That candidate would be preferred,” said Rosemaria Altieri, senior director of human resources for Southern California News Group. “[Multiple majors] does not automatically trump another applicant.”

The common belief among students that being a double major would impress their future employers is logical, but cramming two majors’ course loads into four years is not always wise said Eva Scalzo, founder of Key Academic Advising.

“They feel that they are better rounded, but I wouldn’t necessarily recommend double majoring for anybody unless they really want to do that much work. A solution is doing a major and minor,” Scalzo said.

Scalzo advises students individually with the college application process and decisions on majors.

“A lot of my students will do a major and a minor. That way it’s allowing them to focus on two areas of interest. The major being what they are pursuing as a field of study but the minor being something that they also have interest in,” Scalzo said. “It is more work, but I don’t think you are taking away from learning other subjects.”

Some students realize they are interested in two subjects equally once they begin attending college classes, which may result in the pursuit of two majors, Scalzo said.

“If they are going to double major I think it is intelligent to do it in the same field or discipline. If you create enough crossover then you won’t have an issue with overwhelming work,” she said.

While these employers value experience over education, the benefits of being a double-major still prevail in the workforce as shown by Makridis’ study. The tug-of-war remains between students with a diverse academic skill set and students with pertinent experience in a given field.

Tinder Barely Passes with Tinder U

Tinder U is a way for students to meet with one another from different universities. Photo by Tumisu on pixabay.

Students don’t give Tinder’s new dating platform very high marks. The much-heralded update restricts their dating options down to other college students but it turns out Chapman users prefer a wider field of selections.

“Tinder U,” launched in August, allows users to filter their dating searches down to other users who also share a university-affiliated email address.

But, students who have given the new service a whirl complain that it’s flawed—sometimes matching them with students far away at other universities and that they don’t necessarily want to be matched with someone they may have already met in their math class.

“Chapman is already small enough,” said Jamie Garcia, a senior psychology and integrated education studies major.

Because Tinder U narrows in on college students, it would make meeting people on campus through Tinder very “awkward,” Garcia said.

Since most Tinder users are of 18-24 years old, the app wants to craft an experience “specifically for them,” said Lauren Probyn, Director of Global Marketing & Events for Tinder.

The feature is meant to connect students to more of their peers and make it easier for users to match with those closer in their area, according to Probyn.

But, sophomore screen acting major Luca Rorh has found that, upon signing in with Tinder U, his feed is flooded with students who are well outside his set radius.

“My range is currently set for 9 miles, and yet the first person that popped up is someone from Azusa Pacific, 15 miles away,” Rorh said.

Rorh initially signed on to Tinder U to meet more Chapman students but views the newest update as a roadblock.

“I can’t just switch back to just Chapman. I don’t want to match with people from USC,” said Rorh.  

Rather than prioritizing geographic location, Rorh has found that the Tinder U feature places student profiles from far away universities before non-student users that may be closer to him.

He believes this takes the convenience out of online dating, and he’s not alone.

Junior computer science major Charlie Story confesses to being as disappointed with the mechanics of the app as Rorh.

“It actually confuses me because sometimes I’ll match with people farther out of my 15 miles that I put. Then, I’m like ‘she’s like 79 miles away’,” Story said.

In response to such complaints, Tinder U maintains that location preferences are still up to each user’s discretion.

“If someone is using Tinder U at NYU and their radius is set at 50 miles, they will see students at Hunter College, Columbia, Barnard, etc.,” said Gabrielle Aboodi, Senior Accountant Executive for Tinder.  

Per Tinder protocol, students are able to enter their location and set up a personalized radius for potential matches. But, once a user signs in as a student, the app then allows users to swipe on other students at their own college, as well as nearby schools, according to its website.

Tinder also states that a student may turn the Tinder U filter off at any time.

Tinder U is only available for students at “4-year, accredited, not-for-profit schools in the U.S. that deliver courses in traditional face-to-face learning format,” Probyn said.

If a user is not connected with Tinder U, but they have a regular Tinder account, they’ll still show up on the app of a Tinder U user, though presented much later.

Tinder has stated that they are “unable” to disclose any numbers regarding how many students are actually taking advantage of the Tinder U feature.

The overall Chapman consensus on Tinder, as a whole, is varied. Some students’ original goals for joining the online dating pool are unclear.

“Honestly, your guess is as good as mine,” said Kyler Hannah, a senior psychology and strategic & corporate communications major.

Hannah tried Tinder U, but ultimately reverted back to classic Tinder.

“I didn’t like [Tinder U]. I just feel like I don’t always want to date in the [college] community,” Hannah said.

Hannah views the basic version of Tinder as her “way to get out of” the typical circles she runs in on campus, making Tinder U inattentive to her specific needs within the app.

Junior psychology major Samantha Scherba finds Tinder U appealing, as someone who “wants to date a guy who’s well educated.” Scherba only sees  benefits in “having [Tinder] on a university level.”

Tinder U advertises these changes as a chance to organize study sessions, coffee dates, and meet new faces. However, some students disagree with what the app actually stands for and how they are using it.

Tinder U “is window shopping,” according to Story.

Contrary to what Tinder U advertises, Story believes the site promotes hookup culture and short-term flings.

Chapman Students Convert Art into Commerce

Most artistic professions are notorious for being unremunerative, but some Chapman students are already making money from their artistic creations. Noah Jacobs, Genevieve Geller, and Dane Nakama are three Chapman students who have already launched real-world businesses while juggling crazy course loads.

Noah Jacobs

Noah Jacobs is the creator and owner of the clothing company Spilt Milk, which sells shirts and accessories and can also find on Instagram.

Photo courtesy of Noah Jacobs.


Noah is a junior business administration major with emphasis in marketing and minor in data analytics who serves as the parliamentarian of Chapman’s professional business fraternity Alpha Kappa Psi.

Q: How did Spilt Milk start?

A: In spring of 2017, while planning to release my work, I made the mistake of waiting until the last minute to check the trademark databases. I found out that someone had already taken the name that I wanted to use. I had to scrap everything in my portfolio. At that point, I was completely discouraged about continuing the company. I talked to my dad, who is one of my biggest mentors, and he told me not to cry over spilt milk. That really resonated with me, and I thought it was a great name for a company. I wanted to promote the “don’t cry” philosophy- accepting that failure is something we can use to motivate ourselves towards our goals in life.


Q: How much money do you typically make from Spilt Milk?

A: I’ve made a little over $2,000 off of a $2,500 total investment. I have recovered all of my initial investment in the company and the money that I make always gets reinvested. But, honestly it’s never been about the money. It’s something I’m passionate about, and being able to run the company and be creative has totally enhanced my college experience.


Q: As a full-time student, active member of AKPsi, and having part-time jobs, how do you fit Spilt Milk into your schedule?

A: It’s pretty difficult. There are only so many hours in a day and with school work, it’s always a challenge. Because it’s something that I am passionate about it, I leave time for it. It’s not a chore to me.


Q: From building your campaign, what have you learned about promotion?

A: The key to promotion isn’t just handing things out and blasting people with information. The key is taking the time to focus on every individual and make a connection between them and your company whatever you are promoting. It is so important to have a central message or theme people can really connect with. I have definitely boosted sales with pop-up shops on campus and getting that in-person contact. I’ve been a part of the House of the Arts show, Chapman’s art festival that happens every semester since Fall 2017, for the past two semesters. Being able to promote my art and being around other artists is where most of the sales come from. It’s very valuable, because customers can see the connection between the art and the artist.


Senior Becket Edwards modeling Spilt Milk’s Winter 17/18 “Black Outline Long Sleeve” ($24.99)

Photo Courtesy of Noah Jacobs.

Friends of Noah Jacobs and Chapman students Tiffany Orite, Grace Moon, and Becket Edwards modeling for Spilt Milk’s Winter 2018 “White and Black Outline Long Sleeve”($24.99) 

Photo courtesy of Noah Jacobs.


Genevieve Geller

Genevieve Geller is a junior graphic design major and runs her design and illustration business selling prints and custom art.

Photo courtesy of Genevieve Geller.

Genevieve has worked at Chapman Student Engagement as a graphic designer since spring of her freshman year and has interned at and an apparel company and design studio this summer. She also served as the creative director for the Alpha Phi sorority last year.


Q: How important is the Internet / social media for promotion?

A: The Internet and social media are absolutely essential for promotion of my work. Besides the initial connections I made in person when I was first starting out my design business, I have pretty much gotten all of my projects from people finding me on Instagram.


Q: What alliances help you to promote your work and keep your business running?

A: I definitely have strong alliances with other people in the graphic design program at Chapman. I have a core group of design friends who lift each other up by promoting each other’s work, critiquing each other, and collaborating on projects. Within the Chapman community I’ve also definitely received a lot support from House of the Arts. Their festivals have provided a place for me to sell posters and stickers, and just get my work seen.


Q: What inspires your artwork?

A: Many things inspire my artwork, so it’s difficult to place just a few things. I’d say my use of color is inspired by Impressionism, which was a big part of my early education. In general, I think my work is very playful, and I definitely attempt to convey my own sense of humor through my illustrations.


Q: What was your toughest profitability challenge and how did you overcome it?

A: My toughest profitability challenge is definitely school-work balance. I make most of my money from freelance projects, which means that at any given time, I could have multiple deadlines for work outside of school while simultaneously trying to finish projects for four different graphic design classes. I had to pull an all-nighter the night before I left to study abroad, because I had a client project due the next day. I’ve had to turn down freelance projects just to maintain my own sanity and a decent sleep schedule.


Q: How much do you typically make?

A: So far this year, I’ve made just over $3,550 on freelance projects and selling prints and stickers. The average per project is $100-$150, but I have had larger projects in the $300-$500 range. It all depends on who the client is and the scale of the project.


“I’m also very inspired by surrealist imagery – my logo, which is a fish with legs, was inspired by a work by Rene Magritte.”

Courtesy of Genevieve Geller.


An original digital sketch done last year and its process!  

Courtesy of Genevieve Geller.


Dane Nakama

Dane is featured here with his floral logo and runs his business selling stickers, prints, and clothing on his website and Instagram.

Photo Courtesy of Dane Nakama.


Dana Nakama is a sophomore studio art major and minor in VR and AR.  He is also the president of Chapman University’s Art Club (CUAC) and juggles being an on-campus gallery and studio lab assistant.


Q: What inspired you to hand-sew?

A: My line of fashion and merchandise is primarily based on my artwork, and in my artwork, the medium of embroidery lent itself to my practice. The expressive power of lines is a reoccurring attribute in my work. I place an emphasis on intention, and embroidery asks me to consider every little detail. Unlike painting or drawing, I can’t simply cover it up or erase it.


Q: How much money do you make on average from your line?

A: It depends. I can’t gauge my pay off of an hourly wage like most people, but within a day of good sales at an event or fair, I can make an average of $700-$900. During the summer season, if I’m taking orders, I make around the same amount over the course of a couple of weeks.


Q: Do you hope to continue your clothing line after college?

A: I definitely hope to sell clothing and merchandise after college, but not as a priority. My main focus is the artwork. The clothing, prints, and stickers I sell are to make my artwork more affordable and accessible to a wider audience.


Q: What alliances do you have to keep your business running?

A: I manage all the merchandise I sell, including clothing. I have worked with local companies in the past to mass produce items such as stickers and printed shirts, but I produce all of the handmade products such as embroidered fashion and prints. However, I truly would not have been able to do as much without the support of my friends and customers. Not only have my friends volunteered to help man my sales booths and model for my clothing line, but also they have provided positive feedback and constant encouragement.


Q: What was your biggest profitability challenge and how did you overcome it?

A: Working in any creative field is difficult for one main reason: you have to trust your own creativity and gut to produce items that will sell. Profiting from your own creative ability is anything but clean cut. My main sales demographic is primarily high school and college students, so I want to keep my items affordable but also be able to compensate myself for the time and money I’ve invested. After purchasing materials and accounting for efforts, there is very little room for a large profit – but maybe that’s just because I am bad with numbers *haha*. There is a reason not many people choose to do their own business: It takes a lot of work, and you really have to have a love for what you do.


Dre Durisic, friend of Dane’s and non-Chapman student, modeling “Rippled Reflections” ($85).


Aki Shigeyama, sophomore business major, modeling “Bloom Collared Shirt” ($30).

Loriann Bilal, sophomore strategic and corporate communications major, modeling “Bloom Dress” ($90).

Jon Le, sophomore business administration and data analytics major, modeling “Flower Shirt (black)” ($20).

Photos by NativeFour and queenbsart, courtesy of Dane Nakama.






Sleigh the Holiday Season at Your College Home Away From Home

End of semester stress may have you feeling like the Grinch, but don’t let that crush your holiday spirit. You may have gotten into the groove of family traditions leading up to winter holidays in the past, but between finals and Southern California’s less-than-wintery weather, it can be easy to lose the holiday spirit. Here are five ways to celebrate the holiday season in your college home.

1. Deck The Hall

Many students take to decorating the inside of their dorms for the holiday season. Whip out the wrapping paper and the ribbons to include your dorm doors in the holiday spirit.

The welcome area in Argyros Forum has loads of butcher paper for free. Photo courtesy of Veronica Millison.

To make a tree:
  1. Cut about five feet of butcher paper into several small pointed strips.
  2. Fold the strips into a tube and tape the back, leaving the pointed edges on the outside.
  3. Flatten the taped strips and pull the outer point to create a raised effect.
  4. Tape the strips to the door, adding more as you work your way down to the stump.
  5. To create the stump, cut a small piece of butcher paper and put it on the bottom of the tree.
  6. You can also cut out ornaments of your desire or hang real ones using mini Command hooks.
To make a snowman:
  1. Cut enough butcher paper to make three circles of varying sizes, small, medium, and large.
  2. Tape onto the door the smallest circle on the top and largest on the bottom, connecting each one.
  3. Add a cutout hat, scarf and facial features – or draw them directly onto the circles.
  4. Cut small white circles and tape them sporadically on the door to create snow.

2. Make a Holiday Treat

Nothing says “Hello holidays!” like good food. No matter what you’re celebrating, ask for the family recipe to your favorite dish and share it with your roommates and professors. Bake with your friends in the fully stocked Morlan Hall kitchen – just bring your own ingredients and clean up when you are done.

Many students take to coffee to push through finals. Spice it up and treat yourself with a side of a holiday inspired coffee cake. Photo by Alyssa Harrell.

Easy Coffee Cake Recipe – inspired by and courtesy of Kristyn Merkley, from Lil’ Luna.

You will need:
  • A 9×13 inch pan (or proportional)
  • 2 eggs
  • 3 tsp of baking powder
  • 1 ½ cups of brown sugar
  • 2 tsp of cinnamon
  • 3 cups of flour
  • ½ tsp salt
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 1 tsp vanilla
  • 1 cup oil
  • ½ cup melted butter
  • 1 cup milk
  1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.
  2. Grease the pan and set it aside.
  3. Combine eggs, oil, milk, butter, and vanilla in a mixing bowl.
  4. In a smaller bowl, mix the flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt.
  5. Pour the content of the dry bowl into the larger mixing bowl and whisk to create the batter
  6. Pour the batter into the greased pan so that the top is even.
  7. To create the topping, mix together the brown sugar and cinnamon.
  8. Evenly sprinkle the topping over the batter in the pan.
  9. Using a butter knife, create swirls on top of the batter to blend the topping in.
  10. Bake for 30 minutes, let cool for two minutes, and enjoy!

3. Set the Winter Scene in SoCal

Although Southern California is not a winter wonderland, create the ambience yourself and make use of what SoCal has to offer. The fire pit at the dorm pool is open until 9 p.m. – giving you plenty of time to enjoy a night under the string lights roasting chestnuts and making s’mores.

If you don’t mind going off campus, the sand is SoCal’s snow. The beach is a great place to have a bonfire and roast your holiday treats.
Photo by Kimson Doan on Unsplash.

4. Join the Community

Grab your friends and go to the Tree Lighting Ceremony and Candlelight Choir Procession in the Orange Circle. This year, the ceremony will be held on Sunday, Dec. 2, from 3:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. Don’t miss the tree lighting and music starting at 5:15 p.m. 

Shops and restaurants will be open for you to grab a bite while you enjoy the event. Photo by Alyssa Harrell.

5. Gather Your Friends For a Gift Exchange

No matter what you celebrate, gift exchanging has been made a large part of the holiday season. Additionally, it’s a great way to get together with your friends before the end of the year.

There are several options to gift-giving, perhaps the most common being Secret Santa and White Elephant. Photo by Alyssa Harrell.