Rising Costs of Textbooks Prompts Lawmakers to Hit the Books: How One Bill Plans to Help Students Save Hundreds

Consumer prices for college textbooks have increased 88 percent from 2006 to 2016, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Photo by Jennifer Sauceda

For the sixth time in ten years, the Affordable College Textbook Act was introduced in the U.S. Senate. The bill, proposed again in April by Democratic Illinois Sen. Dick Durbin, is designed to expand access to open educational resources and alleviate the increasing costs of college textbooks and supplies for students.

While many students don’t know much about the bill, they are still feeling the pain of escalating prices for required texts.

“Every semester I feel like I have to pay extra just to end up getting less. The prices of textbooks are getting ridiculous,” said junior business major Oliver Boyse.

The estimated cost of textbooks and supplies for the 2018-19 school year is $1,240 for private non-profit universities, according to the College Board. However, Chapman’s estimated cost of attendance averages the cost of textbooks and supplies at $1,560.

There may be a glimmer of hope for those hoping to spend less on their textbooks.

Congress took a first step in support of OER [Open Educational Resources] last year by appropriating $10 million for Open Textbook Pilot grants through the U.S. Department of Education,” according to an article by SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), a group that works to democratize access to knowledge.  A SPARC representative who specializes in this topic was contacted, but could not comment by deadline.  

Neither of the two California senators, Senators Kamala Harris and Dianne Feinstein, have made an official statement regarding their views of the Affordable College Textbook Act and did not respond to two phone messages left with their press lines to ascertain their support.

If the legislation becomes law, universities such as Chapman may apply for a federal grant awarded to institutions of higher education which plan on establishing a free online textbook program or which plan on expanding an existing program.

Students say the Affordable Text act would be a great financial relief.

“A lot of times we don’t have either the time to work or the time to work a lot and our money is going towards other things so having those materials available and accessible to students I think is important,” said psychology major Julie Johnson.

Despite preferring physical textbooks over online versions, Johnson, a senior, would be satisfied with a free online version as long as she can print out the pages to read.

If faculty shows enough interest in implementing open textbooks, Chapman could do so without waiting for legislation to pass, according to Kristin Laughtin-Dunker, Chapman’s Coordinator of Scholarly Communications and Electronic Resources at Leatherby Libraries.

“We don’t need to wait for Congress to pass the Affordable College Textbook Act. That is part of why the Leatherby Libraries are seeking to expand and market their services to help faculty who are interested in adopting open textbooks for any of their courses,” said Laughtin-Dunker.

The library has “many items that faculty have used as required readings” as well as expensive textbooks. Laughtin-Dunker encourages students to check the library before purchasing.

Besides renting or buying used textbooks, some students have found other ways of obtaining required texts.

“This semester one student had the online textbook… and she sent out the link to the rest of the class,” senior Romina Haghighat said. “It was a big class there was probably 40 or 50 kids in the class and she sent it to all of us.”

Haghighat, a psychology major, has found that textbooks required for her major tend to be more expensive than those she purchased for her general education courses.

“[My sociology book] was probably $115 and my psych book was probably $120 or $130,” Haghighat shared.

Although she tries to save money by renting textbooks on sites such as Chegg and Amazon, Haghighat resorts to the university’s bookstore for courses that require a Chapman-specific version of the required text.

“I’ll first look online because I know they’re cheaper online than at the bookstore, but…if only the Chapman bookstore has it then I have to buy it from there,” she said.

 

Chapman rappers AP and Mountos Prowl for Popularity on SoundCloud

Chance The Rapper, Lil Uzi Vert, Playboi Carti, and Post Malone have blown up thanks to fans who listen to their music on SoundCloud. Pasamba Jobe, known as AP, and Daniel Toscano, or Mountos, are two sophomore business majors at Chapman hoping to emulate their success by also using SoundCloud, the Swedish platform for new music and podcasts that boasts 76 million monthly users.

Emerging from Stockholm, Sweden in 2008, SoundCloud is a free platform which offers users a monthly subscription service, providing exclusive features not available to free accounts. Creating an account on SoundCloud gives users three free hours of uploaded content. SoundCloud appealed to rapper AP because it allows him to communicate directly with fans. Too, it’s user friendly to unreleased artists and requires little technical expertise.

“You don’t need fancy equipment… you just need to do it if you have a passion for it.” Photo courtesy of Mountos

West Covina native Mountos began making beats his junior year of high school. He started with free production apps then eventually transitioned into using more professional programs like FL Studio. Mountos releases his music on SoundCloud and Youtube.

AP’s most popular track is titled, “Dizzy Diamonds” which has accrued 5,000 plays. Photo by Domenick Sevor

Both artists have been trying to gain more exposure by performing at venues near Chapman, across Laguna Hills, and the greater Anaheim area. With their followers both in the hundreds, they shared what they have learned to date about how to build a following.

When did you first start rapping?

AP: I didn’t start rapping till the second semester of college when I was 18. My love for music started to come out and I reached that point where I knew this is what I need to do. I was already into the underground rap scene throughout high school so I thought I might as well try it.

Mountos: I started making beats on my phone with a little app towards the end of my junior year. Then I got FL Studio and watched way too many tutorials on YouTube. My friends were making beats for fun and that’s what pushed me. It hooked me from the jump. In late May, I made my first rap to the beat I just made and I kept going.

What “SoundCloud rapper” influenced you the most?

AP: When I first started rapping, Sheck Wes was the most influential: I relate to him culturally. But Joey Badass is the most influential rapper to me because he was the first hip-hop artist I heard off of the radio. I admire his flow.

Mountos: For me, it’s been Russ. I started to listen to him two months before I started making my own beats. In his interviews, he talks about how you can make music yourself. You don’t need fancy equipment and stuff like that, you just need to do it if you have a passion for it. Ever since then, he inspired me to make music.

Mountos performing at a venue in West Covina, CA. As of Feb. 2019, Mountos has released 44 tracks and three EPs. His most popular track, “Feelings” has more than 1,524 plays. Photo courtesy of Mountos.

What is the biggest mistake new artists make?

AP: Rushing your content just to release it and not taking time to find your own sound. Another common mistake is not promoting your own music. A lot of artists don’t promote and are shocked as to why their numbers aren’t higher. Artists should be promoting all the time and not afraid of what others will think.

Mountos: Trying to sound exactly like other artists. If you’re an artist you should make the music you want to make. You can get inspiration but you gotta put your own spin on it.

Why is SoundCloud more relevant than other streaming apps?

As of May 2019, AP has released 11 tracks onto SoundCloud which includes an EP called “AP’s EP.” Photo by Domenick Sevor

AP: It’s more of a community. Sharing music through that platform is dope and you can reach more people. It’s the best way to connect with new artists too. If you keep putting out content, the algorithms of SoundCloud will help you gain more exposure. Don’t be intimidated by the fact you start off low: If you’re consistent, you’ll gain a following.

Mountos: You can use non-profit beats that producers make which makes the sound different.

How has SoundCloud affected your music career?

Mountos: SoundCloud has given me a place where I could post my music for free without having to pay. Being able to post my songs to a site where people could actually listen motivated me to keep making it.

AP: Ever since I’ve started making music SoundCloud’s made me feel more in tune with my sound and kinda connected to my life since I’m thinking about music all the time. It makes me wanna hunt for new music and always search for new artists to help mirror my own musical style off of.

 

AP & Mountos’ Tips for SoundCloud Success:

● Take time to find your own sound.

● Release your music methodically.

● Promote your music all the time.

AP (IG/SoundCloud/Twitter: @apmakesmusic)

Mountos (IG: @_mountos/SoundCloud: @Mountos)

The Forbidden Fruit: A Look Inside of Apple’s Business Practices

Sometimes your best hope of getting your Apple products to work is praying for help from the divine. Photo of Myles Garcia by Emilio Mejia

Apple was recently in the news for obliterating or altering 11 of the 17 most popular apps people use to control the amount of time they or their children spend in front of a screen.

Apple is insanely successful – it recently hit a $1 trillion market value – but some of its business practices have critics complaining the success is due to business practices that, even if legal, are dodgy or short-sighted. Yet, people are dependent on Apple products: A recent poll from 2012 revealed that 64 percent of American households have at least one Apple product, with the average household harboring 2.6 Apple products.

Is our love affair with Apple masochistic? Evidence is adding up that our relationship with the company producing our must-have products is at best a one-sided.

Slowing Down the iPhone

Photo by Neil Soni on Unsplash

In 2017, Apple confirmed what many had suspected: A recent software update was slowing down older iPhone models. The company apologized for not telling consumers it was throttling the phone’s function, attributed the poor performance to aging batteries, and claimed the “fix” was necessary to prevent sudden shut downs in older models. But many users have long contended the slug bug was intentional and designed to nudge consumers into purchasing newer phones. Apple offered to replace the batteries on older models for only $29 – but that deal ended December 31, 2018.

Frustrating Repair Policy

Photo Courtesy of Axelle B

For years, Apple insisted that all phone repairs be done in house, finally allowing a few authorized cell phone repairers to deal with Apple phones in 2016.

Even authorized repair shops are only authorized to do select phone repairs. If a customer comes in with other easily fixable problems, the repair shop must ship the phone to Apple.

For a store to be authorized in performing repairs, the business must pay a subscription fee, purchase certified Apple parts, and employees must go through official Apple training.

Mediocre Charging Cables

Photo by Emilio Mejia

The iPhone charging cables have an average of two stars in reviews on Apple’s website. The 0.5 m Apple cord (1.64 feet) costs $19. Some suggest that Apple purposely makes this product sub-par so that its customers will replace their chargers every few months. These chords are notorious for fraying after normal use, Alternatively, Amazon offers charging cables twice the length of Apple’s for less than $10 – but customers trying to use superior cables that cost less are always at risk of discovering that their unapproved, non-Apple cable is found “incompatible with this device” when plugged into an Apple product.

Gouging Customers

A stunning exposé released by Canada’s public newscast “The National” last year revealed that “genius bar” employees told customers that minor repairs were not worth fixing (may as well buy a new laptop!) when the problems could in fact be fixed cheaply within minutes. Apple denied systematically overestimating repair costs, but one Mac-friendly repair person in NYC said he saw customers similarly victimized at least 10 to 30 times a day.

Lobbying for the wrong things

Apple goes to great lengths to discourage third-party repair people, threatening them with legal action if they share repair info online, changing parts so they cannot be easily replicated and seventeen states have introduced “right to repair” legislation to allow consumers and repair people to get their devices fixed more easily and inexpensively and to outlaw “software locks” that prevent third-party repairs. The legislation would not only allow repair people to make money and consumers to save money, but slow down the river of toxic tech waste going to landfills. Yet, Apple retains a lobbyist to fight against this legislation and anything else Apple deems not to be in its interest.

Escalating iPhone Prices

iPhone Prices on Release Date. Graphic by Emilio Mejia

The original iPhone (released in 2007) was priced at $499. Ten years later, Apple broke the $800 barrier on the price of the iPhone with the release of the iPhone 8 plus. Two weeks later, the iPhone X was released for over $1,000. When Apple originally released their iPhone to the public, the company had a completely different business model in mind: groundbreaking technology for an affordable price. That no longer seems to be the guiding principle: The new Apple XS Max runs between $1,099 and $1,499, depending on GBs.

This is in part due to the increasing price of Apple products: The first iPhones released in 2007 cost $399 for 4G and $599 for 8G before Apple discontinued the 4G model and then lowered the price of the 8G device to $399.

Apple did not respond to any of the complaints addressed in this article.

Chapman Tik Tok Cops vie to Breaking Barriers Between Student and Officer Relationships

Officer Joshua Hinson and Deputy Chief Ricardo Gonzalez outside Public Safety’s headquarters. Photo by Karley Wilson.
Officer Joshua Hinson and Deputy Chief Ricardo Gonzalez outside Public Safety’s headquarters. Photo by Karley Wilson.

Officer Joshua Hinson and Deputy Chief Ricardo Gonzalez outside Public Safety’s headquarters. Photo by Karley Wilson.

A TikTok video posted by Public Safety Officer Joshua Hinson received over three million views on TikTok. The video sparked interest in Chapman’s Public Safety’s activity on social media, and students love it.

After being shown funny videos that other police departments shared online, Hinson wanted to feature Chapman’s Public Safety in a fun way. TikTok users posted one million videos per day and a total of 800 million installations within the first year, making it the most downloaded app in 2018.

Hinson posted a TikTok video of himself and Officer Sean Porter dancing in the stands of Wilson Field to the song, “Coincidance,” by Handsome Dancer. The video brought him attention – more than he’s used to. His Instagram account, which features videos of him and updates on public safety events, now has 800 followers.

Here are some answers to questions students have had about the viral sensation.

Who filmed the video?

Well, technically no one, but it was filmed on Hinson’s phone. He pulled up a chair, set his phone on it, and recorded himself and Porter dancing together. It only took two takes before they posted it.

Why did they do it?

Hinson took notice that students were using platforms such as Instagram and TikTok and wanted to come up with some fun ideas for the platforms in order to communicate more directly with students. This TikTok video isn’t the only thing Hinson has done.

He has created about 40-50 videos on TikTok. The videos that feature officers in uniform are more popular. Hinson wants to build relationships and connections to the Chapman community. Students recognize him from the videos and greet him. Hinson follows the trends online, which helps him brainstorm ideas at home and on campus. As a father and a high school coach, Hinson is always getting new ideas and creating videos with the kids.

What is next for them on social media?

Hinson has created his own Instagram where he is featured in uniform and encourages students to follow him. He wants to create more fun content for his audience and is working on getting Public Safety officers and students involved.

“The more we can do that and put smiles on people’s faces, the better,” he said.

What do you think about this video?

Gonzalez is a huge fan of Hinson’s videos. He thinks that the Tik Tok video was well done and it made him laugh. Gonzalez never thought the video would get so many views. It really shocked the whole department and sparked conversation.  From an officer’s perspective, he thinks that these videos are a great way to break down the barriers of Public Safety and the Chapman community.

Will other Public Safety officers be appearing online, too?

Gonzalez wants to join in on a lip sync battle that the police departments make together. In this video, they lip sync to a song after another nearby department does it, too. They are interested in doing videos which would involve departments nearby and the student body at Chapman.

Has the video changed your relationship with students?

After watching Hinson gain popularity on Instagram, Gonzalez realized that social media is a good way to communicate with the students and Public Safety now piggybacks on Hinson’s Instagram account to advertise different Public Safety events.

“Let’s go do something funny and have a good time,” said Hinson.

 

Your local celeb created his own exit phrase and sign. There you have it, Panthers. GIF by Karley Wilson.

Your local celeb created his own exit phrase and sign. There you have it, Panthers. GIF by Karley Wilson.

Netflix and Instagram are the top websites accessed on university wifi

Freshman Julia Macias binge watches Netflix in the dorms before going to sleep. Photo by Tiffany Chen

Many students moan about oppressive homework loads, but if their wifi use is any indication, they’re spending a lot of time watching movies and TV shows.  

Netflix makes up 35% of all web traffic on Eduroam and Chapman Open, the university’s wifi networks. That means the movie and television streaming service is the most popular website used by students, according to Information and Cyber Security Specialist Ryan Tanovan.

General browsing and Netflix rank top two in most visited websites at Chapman. General browsing, which makes up 67% of web traffic, includes websites such as Blackboard, Leatherby Libraries, and MyChapman among other sites. But no academic site is accessed frequently enough to be recognized in the ranking.

Instagram, Apple Services, Youtube, and Facebook follow Netflix in the rankings on most popular sites.

The data suggests that students using campus wifi are spending more time watching Netflix than using the web for academic work, Tanovan said.

“I watch Netflix in the morning when I get ready at 11am, and when I get home from 3pm to 8pm,” said Megan Tu, a junior communications studies major, who admitted to watching Netflix several hours a day.

“Sometimes, I’ll watch Netflix straight from 3 p.m.- 12 a.m., or even later if I feel like it,” Tu said.

Tu simply doesn’t have much homework to use the web for many other purposes, she said.

“I always watch Netflix before I do homework. I don’t really have a lot of homework as a communication studies major,” Tu said. “However, the amount of Netflix a student should watch honestly depends on what major and how busy they are.”

While the act of watching Netflix may seem like an innocent act that students do to relieve stress, often students spend an excessive amount of time watching Netflix, which leads to binge-watching behaviors and addiction.

“Binge-watching happens when the content itself is immediately gratifying, and you’re watching things that are of interest and stimulating to you. This is normal human behavior, we are all drawn to things we feel rewarded by,” said Hillarie Cash, a mental health counselor specializing in internet and screen addiction.

Binge-watching behaviors can lead to a Netflix addiction, said Cash who co-founded reSTART, a residential treatment center for internet, video game and VR addiction

When a person finds a substance/action pleasurable and continuously pre-long that pleasure, they are over-stimulating the pleasure pathways in the brain. The process of addiction begins when the person loses control of their actions. This becomes a vicious cycle especially when Netflix’s content is designed to keep someone’s attention on the screen, Cash said.

So what exactly makes Netflix so attractive and popular among students?

The lure of one’s favorite show is a powerful draw, students said.

“I see students watching Netflix during lectures and in the library a lot, mainly on the second floor,” said freshman biology major Kelly Ly.

Tu even watches Netflix during her classes. “Sometimes the lectures are boring, so I just start watching my favorite show on  Netflix. It’s a good past-time,” Tu said.

Students watch Netflix in class because they don’t have the stamina to pay close attention to lectures, because lectures may not be immediately rewarding and stimulating to the senses. If students are not interested in the things being taught, it is easy to get bored and give up, Cash said.

Netflix is specifically designed to draw its viewers in for a long span of time to give them an instant escape from stress and reality.

“Netflix is always offering up the next interesting thing that its viewers are interested in, which is what makes it so addicting. They’ve achieved that by collecting data on individual interests, preferences to shows, and recommending new shows for customers to watch,” Cash said. “College is tiring and creates stress and anxiety, so a lot of people have used watching Netflix as a coping strategy to escape.”

But a use analysis shows that the streaming service is also displacing sleep.

The most popular time for Netflix usage is from 12- 4 a.m., according to Tanovan. “During this time, Netflix takes up 56.35% of all web traffic, meaning that half of everyone who is using the internet from 12- 4 a.m. is watching Netflix,” he said.

“What else would you be doing at 12 a.m.? If you’re a good kid and not out partying, you are most likely watching Netflix,” Tu said. “I stayed up till 2 a.m. watching Netflix last night.”

“All addictions are about immediate gratification, which will interfere with one’s life. When you’re addicted to Netflix, you’re going to be watching Netflix instead of everything you should be doing: sleeping, studying, going to classes, which can cause you to fail your academics,” Cash said.

In addition, Netflix addictions can also have some negative long-term impacts on one’s cognitive thinking, behavior, and creativity.

An individual’s creativity is compromised when they are a consumer of someone else’s content, Cash said. The shortening of one’s attention span, poor ability to think in the long-term, and not being able to pay attention and stay focused are all effects of being addicted to Netflix.

“You have to be able to delay gratification and reward, because working hard then getting a good grade is your reward,” Cash said.

Ly and Paola Portillo, a freshman Biology major both prefer sleeping over watching Netflix.

“I only stay up late to do homework” Portillo said.

While Netflix allows students to relieve stress and relax, students should prioritize their school work and organize their time based on their workloads, Tanovan said.  

General browsing makes up for most of the server’s internet use. Netflix and Instagram are identified as the first and second most visited websites, followed by Apple services (ex. IOS updates, Apple website, Apple Music), Youtube, ICloud, Facebook, and Twitch. Graph by Tiffany Chen.

Retweeted more than Obama? 10 Facts about BTS – K-Pop’s biggest breakout band

BTS

BTS is a South Korean boy band made up of seven members. BTS stands for Bangtan Sonyeondan, which means “Bulletproof Boy Scouts” in Korean. Many fans also call them the “Bangtan Boys.” In honor of their new album, Map of the Soul: Persona, and sold-out stadium tour, Prowl compiled a list of fun facts about this K-Pop (Korean Pop) group. ARMYs, test your knowledge and see if you know BTS as well as you think. For readers who haven’t heard of BTS, continue reading to catch up on the Bangtan Boys and find out what ARMY is.

 

The members’ stage names are: (top, left to right) Suga, Jung-Kook, Jimin, J-Hope. (bottom, left to right) Jin, Rap Monster (RM), V. via GIPHY

 

1. BTS Started on the Right Foot (or Show)

BTS debuted on M Countdown on June 13, 2013. M Countdown is a huge deal for new K-Pop artists because anyone who is (or will be) anyone performs at M Countdown. The live show is broadcasted from Seoul, South Korea to countries like China, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, the U.S. and more. This performance gave BTS a lot of exposure in the K-Pop world, and put them on the map.

 

 

2. BTS has an ARMY

Do you remember the thousands of loud fans screaming at the 2017 American Music Awards? If not, below is a video to remind you of the chants and cheers from the crowd. That was ARMY, BTS’ official fan group. ARMY stands for Adorable Representative M.C. for Youth. The name ARMY was chosen because the fans are close to BTS and will always protect them, just like a real army with its country.

Video Courtesy of @samantha_alaimo ‘s Instagram.

 

 

3. A Lot of Firsts

BTS has become the first K-Pop group to do a lot of things in the U.S. BTS was one of the first K-Pop groups to perform live at the AMA’s. BTS is the first K-Pop group to perform on Saturday Night Live, and perform, present, and win at the Billboard Music Awards. BTS is also the first K-Pop group to have an album debut at No. 1 on the U.S. Billboard Top 200 Chart. Their album, Love Yourself: Tear, bumped Post Malone’s Beerbongs & Bentleys into second place in 2018. BTS was also nominated for Best Recording Package at the 2019 Grammy Awards.

via GIPHY

 

 

4. BTS is Redefining K-Pop

In Korea, there are three top entertainment companies known as “The Big 3” that produce the most successful artists and make the most money. When BTS entered the game, their company, BigHit Entertainment, was a nobody. Thanks to BTS, however, BigHit surpassed all three companies in 2017 with a net profit of $22.7 million, $6.6 million more than their closest competitor, JYP. The other companies are focused on developing “idols” – they create an image and sound for each group and the group is required to stick to that image. BigHit is different. The owner, Bang Si-hyuk, wants his artists to express themselves in their music. Because of this, BTS has focused on being genuine and sharing their real struggles. This authenticity contributed to their global success.

via GIPHY

 

 

5. One of Time’s 100 Most Influential People of 2019

BTS is one of 16 artists chosen as Time’s 100 Most Influential People of 2019. BTS is among many other famous artists, like Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, Ariana Grande, and Glenn Close. Time shared, “The YouTube views within 24 hours for their music video ‘Fake Love’ almost surpassed Taylor Swift’s and Psy’s all-time records – no small feat.” BTS uses their platform to speak about mental health and other social issues, including a collaboration with the United Nations.

via GIPHY

 

 

6. BTS works with the United Nations

In 2017, BTS joined the Korean Committee and started the “Love Myself” campaign for UNICEF. The campaign partners with UNICEF’s #ENDviolence program to protect young people all around the world from violence. BTS used this campaign to push their message that, “true love first begins with loving myself.” BTS released the “Love Yourself” trilogy of albums to encourage fans to “love and speak themselves.” A portion of album sales is donated to the campaign.

via GIPHY

 

 

7. They’ve Collaborated with Some of Your Favorite Stars

BTS has worked with plenty of American artists. Their song “Best of Me” was produced by The Chainsmokers’ Andrew Taggart. One of the members RM (Rap Monster) was featured on Fall Out Boy’s “Champion” remix. BTS released two versions of their song “Idol,” one featuring Nicki Minaj. BTS has worked with Steve Aoki on multiple occasions. Aoki remixed their single “Mic Drop,” which had a version that featured Desiigner, “The Truth Untold,” and BTS is featured on his song “Waste It On Me.” BTS’ most recent single “Boy With Luv” featuring Halsey was just released on April 12.

via GIPHY

 

 

8. BTS and the Beatles

BTS has spent plenty of time on top of the charts. In under 11 months, BTS’ albums Love Yourself: Tear, Love Yourself: Answer, and Map of the Soul: Persona all placed No. 1 on Billboard’s Top 200 Albums chart. Map of the Soul: Persona dropped to the No. 3 spot after spending two weeks on top of the charts. The last time a group logged No. 1’s in such a short span of time was The Beatles from 1995 to 1996 with Anthology 1, Anthology 2, and Anthology 3. The only difference? It took the Beatles 11 months and a week to get three albums at No. 1; it took BTS 10 months and three weeks.

via GIPHY

 

 

9. Retweeted more than Obama

While Twitter does not make an official list of the most retweeted tweets, the news and media are aware of an unofficial list. The list contains 30 of the most retweeted tweets. There are currently only four accounts that have more than tweet on the list. Hillary Clinton, Harry Styles, and El Rubius each have two of the most retweeted tweets. Barack Obama has three. BTS has four.

 BTS’ most retweeted tweet: J-Hope doing the #InMyFeelings Challenge.

 

 

10. Only One Member Speaks English

Rap Monster, better known as RM, is the leader of BTS, and the only member who speaks English fluently. RM has stated in many interviews, like this one on Ellen, that he learned English by watching the entire American sitcom “Friends” three times: first with Korean subtitles, next with English subtitles, then with no subtitles. He said he felt like a victim at the time because his mother made him watch the show. Now, however, he’s grateful that he can speak English. The rest of the members have said that they regret not paying attention in their English classes, especially as they try to learn it now for their English-speaking audiences.

via GIPHY

 

Catch BTS on their “Love Yourself: Speak Yourself” stadium tour.

Broken door in Hashinger is a result of broken communication

“I have been temporarily locked out before class many times, and it takes a few minutes to jiggle in,” said sophomore economics major Kat Brown. Photo courtesy of Sydnee Valdez

See something, say something.

That seems to be the moral of a recent saga that led to students and teachers being locked out of their class in the Hashinger Science Center basement.

The doors of a Hashinger Science Center classroom locked automatically for weeks –blocking students from class– before it was repaired the day after a Prowl reporter inquired about the problem on April 22.

The double doors in the basement of Hashinger Science Center were broken for more than three weeks, according to sophomore economics major Kat Brown and Jianwei Zheng, a PhD student and Math 203 instructor.

Zheng and some of his students trying to attend class in room 50 of Hashinger fiddled with the lock for minutes at a time, resulting in both lateness and absence from a significant amount of lecture.

Prowl sent an email to Facilities Management on April 22 regarding the broken door and the door was repaired the following day. While the door prompted epic frustration for students and faculty, no one had reported the problem beforehand, according to Associate Vice President of Facilities Management Rick Turner.

Why no one had reported the issue may be explained by two principles documented in psychology research: the bystander effect and diffusion of responsibility. The presence of others discourages individuals from taking initiative and action to solve a problem because they presume – or hope – someone else will do it for them.

“When you walk past that door, it’s a much more efficient strategy to assume that someone else must have seen it, and that I’m not the first one,” said psychology professor David Pincus. “If you always think that you’re the first and only one, and you always try to solve every problem you walk by—I mean go to any major city—you’re going to be helping hundreds of homeless people before you can get a cup of coffee in the morning.”

People sometimes exhibit “not my problem” indifference. In Feb., a toilet in the women’s accessible bathroom stall in the Leatherby Libraries basemen was clogged for 12 days, but Facilities Management only received one complaint, according to Turner. Why don’t people take constructive action to report and solve a problem  instead of complaining amongst themselves? There are several reasons.

Tired of being locked out, Zheng placed a chair between the doors in Hashinger Science Center basement to allow students to enter without hassle. Photo courtesy of Sydnee Valdez.

“I don’t know how to report things to Facilities Management. Is there a form? Is there a hotline? I really don’t know,” Brown said. Zheng confessed that he didn’t know who was responsible for reporting or fixing building issues, either.

“If Facilities Management is interacting with that door every day and it’s a part of their job to make sure that the door is working, then that’s an issue of training and it should be corrected. The responsibility would belong to Facilities Management,” Pincus said.

Zheng was also eager to assign blame to Facilities: “The school should already know that it is broken because they lock the door every day.”

But Facilities Management did not lock the door, said Turner, who postulated that Public Safety or other staff was involved with that task.

Public Safety did not unlock and lock the door daily, and it was confirmed that they did not submit a work order for it, according to Chief of Public Safety Randy Burba.

“Since we did not lock and unlock it daily, we probably would not have known it was an ongoing issue; even if we would have responded to assist the professor in opening it one day,” Burba said.

In this case, the fundamental attribution error, the tendency to blame an individual rather than the situation, would be relevant, according to Pincus.  

“It’s not a question of fault. It’s more a question of how we can find better ways of partnering and sharing information,” Turner said.

After being locked out three times, Zheng called Public Safety and then placed a plastic chair between the doors to keep them open. One time, he re-entered through the Irvine Lecture Hall connected to Hashinger basement, and another time Public Safety had opened the door for him, Zheng said. Other times, he opened the door himself but not without toying with it first.

“It’s super annoying because we shouldn’t be the ones taking care of these kinds of issues, someone else should fix it automatically,” Zheng said.

Although he had called Public Safety, Zheng admitted that he did not report the broken door to Facilities Management. Nor did Brown.

Maintenance of Chapman’s facilities is a shared responsibility between students, faculty and Facilities Management, according to Turner.

“Facilities receives the majority of the work requests from the campus community and those affected by the condition in question,” Turner said. “We rely on the concept of partnering with our faculty, staff and students with the maintenance of our facilities.”

The fact that the door and disabled bathroom were broken for so long proves that this ideal has yet to be met.

Work requests to report maintenance issues can be found on Chapman’s campus services page. For emergencies, you can call Public Safety at (714) 997-6763 or leave a message to (714) 997-6658, Facilities Management’s phone line.

 

Nothing like a mother’s love: Chapman students list what they miss most about their moms

Shared laughter during “Lifetime movies, a sympathetic ear, encouragement, compassion, a common languageWe miss all kinds of things about our moms when we go to college. For Mothers’ Day, Prowl spoke to Chapman students about what they miss most about the woman who, for many of us, is our best advocate, therapist and friend.

Jorge Hernandez, junior, international business and Spanish double major

Fun times back home in San Jose with Junior Jorge Hernandez and his mom Rosemary Hernandez. Photo courtesy of Jorge Hernandez

I miss having my mom there to talk to about anything – personal issues or something work-related. It’s nice to have someone there to reassure me that everything is going to be okComing home every day and seeing my mom, I was always filled with joy and relief because knowing that no matter what kind of day I had, good or badmy mom would love me unconditionally. 

Sixtine Foucaut, sophomore, communication and Spanish double major

Sophomore Sixtine Foucaut and her mom Aurélie Foucaut in the Tuileries Gardens in Paris. Photo Courtesy of Sixtine Foucaut

My brother and I were born in Paris but moved to California when we were little. I always admired how my mom was able to keep in touch with our family in France despite the time difference and busy life she leads. I really miss being with my momNot many students at Chapman speak French so I always love chatting with my mom and practicing the language when we see each other.

Matt Davidson, junior, business major

Junior Matt Davidson and his mom Julie Davidson at Matt’s sister’s wedding in Carmel, California. Photo Courtesy of Matt Davidson

I really miss my mom’s hug and touch. Communication over the phone is one thing but actually being able to physically be there and have her in my presence and be able to hug her is very important to me. When we are born as babies we are placed on our mother’s chest and that instant bond is something that is very calming and warm. My mom is the person who brought me into this world and having the opportunity to hug my mom is a very rewarding thing to me.

Anthony Gonzales, freshman, business major

Selfie taken by freshman Anthony Gonzales with his mom Kimberly Gonzales.

I miss the times when me and my mom would talk about musicShe always tried to make me dance, especially when we had company over. I miss being in my house and walking by the T.V. and seeing my mom watching Lifetime documentaries and not being able to resist and watching them with her. I always knew there was a seat waiting for me next to her to sit down and share that moment together. I miss her sixth sense of when I would be hungry and she would bring me something to eat without me asking or saying anything. I especially miss my mom’s enthusiasm and hearing about the hard work she does.

Avery Silverberg, junior, creative writing major

Selfie taken by Junior Avery Silverberg and her mom Janice Silverberg on Mother’s Day 2018 at the Irvine Spectrum Center.

She would always take me out to get sushi when I was in high school.  It was our special time together where I could vent to her about anything that was bugging me or just laugh and have a good time. I always felt that there was something special about bonding over a sushi dinner that is very comforting to me.   

The Story Behind the Farm in the Orange County Suburbs

Lucy the Llama

If you’ve passed by East Walnut Avenue near Orange High School, something along the side of the road may have caught your eye – a llama, which naturally invites the question: why is there a llama on the street? Prowl reached out to Shannon Deskin, a teacher in the Orange High School Agricultural Department, to answer some questions. Ms. Deskin oversees the farm at Orange High School, which the llama, named Lucy, and several other animals call home.

 

Lucy the Llama

Lucy the llama enjoys resting in the shade. Photo by Julian Ros.

Why does Orange High School have a farm? What’s the purpose?

Orange High School is part of a national organization called Future Farmers of America (FFA). This agriculture program teaches students valuable skills they can use later in life like leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. We use our outdoor facilities as an extension of our normal classroom where students can get hands-on experience applying what they have learned.

 

Ms. Deskin regularly takes the chickens out from the coop to roam in a more spacious pen. Photo by Julian Ros.

What animals live on the farm? Are any unique or exotic?

We have a few different areas for students to work with animals. Firstly, we have breeding sheep that are bred annually, and students learn about gestation, lambing, health care, et cetera. We also have market animals. Students have the option of raising cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, or small animals. They then take them to the Orange County Fair over the summer to sell them or give them to their sponsors who have graciously taken off the financial burden of raising an animal. We also have a petting zoo that we take to various community events and schools. We have a wide variety of breeds for sheep and goats. We also have a miniature donkey, a llama, and an alpaca. Finally, we have some laying hens which we collect eggs from daily.

 

The petting zoo animals were very welcoming on a recent farm visit. Photo by Julian Ros.

Why a llama, alpaca, and miniature horse as opposed to more traditional farm animals?

Most of our animals are rescued or donated. Also, those animals make our petting zoo unique.

 

The chickens live in a coop right next to the petting zoo animals. Photo by Julian Ros.

The chickens live in a coop right next to the petting zoo animals. Photo by Julian Ros.

Are the eggs from the hens used in the cafeteria? Where do they go after you’ve harvested them?

We sell our eggs mostly to teachers and students. They are a small fundraiser for our program.

 

How much do you sell the eggs for?

They’re five dollars per dozen. We also encourage carton recycling, so if we get five cartons back, they get a free dozen. We reuse them as much as we can.

 

Many of the petting zoo animals are eager to greet visitors to the farm. Photo by Julian Ros.

Back to the llama and the alpaca, could you provide any facts about them?

Llamas and alpacas are related to camels. Llamas tend to have a courser fiber, are larger, and have a higher chance of spitting. Alpacas tend to be smaller and have a much fine, more valuable fiber. They can spit, but it is not as likely. Our llama is named Lucy and our alpaca is Bruce. Lucy is very mellow for a llama and enjoys petting zoos. Bruce just wants to be with Lucy.

 

Bruce the alpaca stands in a far corner of the farm. Photo by Julian Ros.

Where do the animals come from?

Most of our petting zoo animals have been rescued from bad situations. They are able to live out their days here while helping educate our community about agriculture.

 

Photo by Julian Ros.

Some of the goats were eager to check out the camera. Photo by Julian Ros.

How are the animals on the farm cared for?

All students in FFA are required to have a Supervised Agriculture Experience Project. Students can choose what area of the farm they would like to work in: plants or animals. The animals eat twice a day, every day. This requires students to be present on weekends and even breaks. It is a lesson in responsibility.

 

The cows on the farm enjoy resting in the sun. Photo credit by Julian Ros.

Have the students ever mistreated the animals? Or conversely, have any students ever formed special bonds with the animals?

Our Orange High students are incredibly respectful. They put so much time and care into their animals. I have never had one of our Panthers mistreat an animal. Unfortunately, we have had outside individuals break onto the farm and do some awful things to a turkey that is no longer with us. We have not had an incident since. (Ms. Deskin is referring to when two Chapman students stole and abused Tim the Turkey in 2016).

 

One of the petting zoo animals’ favorite hobbies is roaming the field. Photo credit by Julian Ros.

Is there any breed of animal that seems to be a favorite among the kids?

All the animals are loved. Each student may have their own favorite. I’d say our miniature donkey, Cadbury, is usually a crowd favorite when we attend events.

Welcome, Madison De La Garza! Actress and filmmaker accepted to Dodge Screenwriting program dishes on Eva Longoria, whether she’ll rush and her passion for mental health issues

Madison De La Garza – Demi Lovato’s younger sister and the child star who played sulky  Juanita Solis on “Desperate Housewives” –  will attend Chapman University in the fall of 2019. In her exclusive interview with Prowl, the actress and filmmaker explains her passion for story telling and says she feels most at home on set – so much so, she falls asleep en route to auditions. Oh yeah –  and she handles questions about a costar caught up in the college admissions scandal like a pro.

“We were screaming, jumping up and down, holding each other, hugging. It was the one, it was the one we wanted to hear from the most. She even applied to other big places but at that point we didn’t care if she got in anywhere else,” said Dianna De La Garza (De La Garza’s mom) about De La Garza’s Chapman acceptance letter.

What schools did you apply to and why did you choose Chapman?

I wanted to stay local, so I looked at mostly small, liberal arts schools in SoCal, like Occidental, Columbia College Hollywood (the film school), Cal Lutheran, Woodbury, places like that. I also applied to USC, UCLA, and UC San Diego. The thing I really loved about Chapman, specifically the film program, is how collaborative it is. People from different majors work together and the people in Dodge really seem like a community.

What were your GPA and test scores?

My GPA was a 3.8. I didn’t take the ACT. I took the SAT and got a 1240.

Can you replay the scene when you opened your acceptance letter?

I was in my room. I always thought I’d film myself, but I was too excited. I thought, “This is the rest of my life, I need to open this right now.” I didn’t want to call my mom in, just in case it was a no. I opened the email, clicked on the update, and I saw the picture with the balloons and students in Chapman shirts. Then I saw “Congratulations” and immediately started tearing up, so when I called out to my mom, it sounded like something was really wrong. I said, “No, no, it’s good news, it’s good news.” We met each other in the middle of the stairs and she said, “Which one is it? Please tell me.” And I said, “It’s Chapman.” We just lost it.

“Seeing a bunch of people come together with literally no money, for the purpose of making a film, that’s probably what’s made me the filmmaker I am today,” said De La Garza about her first short film “The Imbalancing Act.” (From Left) Alexis Lombardi (actor), Logan Binstock (director), Eve Bui (actor), and Madison De La Garza (writer).

Why did you choose this major?

I started writing scripts at a really young age, and I tried a lot of different avenues. It hit me when I applied to college: the best way for me to make any kind of difference or social change was to be a screenwriter, so that was the avenue I had to take. I’m really passionate about mental health and I want to make films about it; that’s the best way to get rid of stereotypes. The industry is guilty for creating a lot of stereotypes, but the industry can also break them. I wrote a concept for a kid’s TV show and I pitched it to a network. It didn’t end up getting greenlit, but I felt the most comfortable I’ve ever felt in any type of audition or meeting room or anything. That’s when I knew this was the path for me.

Did you receive any help or advice from family members?

My two older sisters (Demi Lovato and Dallas Lovato) didn’t go to college, and it’s been a long time since my dad applied to school, so my parents were a little in the dark on the whole process. I was so lucky to have a close family mentor of mine who is very familiar with the whole college admissions process. I honestly don’t know if I would’ve gotten into school without her because I truly did not know where to start.

Felicity Huffman is facing charges in the college admissions scandal. You acted with her on “Desperate Housewives.” What do you think is an appropriate punishment?

What’s sad was I was blown away by the whole scandal, but part of me was not surprised that someone, somewhere allowed it to happen. You hear all the time about people making donations, which will help their kids get in; that’s not out of the ordinary. But this was a whole new level. I put so much work into my application. I didn’t get into UCLA or USC. I thought, “This sucks. I didn’t get in and they paid to get in.”

“After waking up with no memory of his past or his name, James Bard is given two choices – to surrender to the young girl who claims to be his only hope, or fall victim to the apocalypse at hand,” said Madison De La Garza about her short film “Subject 16.”

Can you talk a little bit about your latest Short Film “Subject 16”?

The whole process was unlike anything I’ve ever done. I went to some friends of mine who worked at AwesomenessTV and was like, “Hey, I really want to make a film.” They said, “Lets help you make it happen.” What was different about the “Subject 16” process was that we wrote the script, came up with the idea, and really created the film around the set that we were going to use. That’s why we were able to go into another world.

How was it different being on set in someone else’s project vs. your own project?

It’s so different, especially when I was younger. I would just practice my lines and show up when I was called; that was all I could do. With “Subject 16,” the main difference was if it fell through, it was on me. There’s a little bit more pressure, but in the best way.

“When I’m on set, I feel like I’m where I’m meant to be. Growing up on set, that has made me want to stay in the film industry for sure, but maybe not as an actress forever,” said De La Garza. Photo of Eva Longoria and De La Garza on the “Desperate Housewives” set.

You’ve grown up in the spotlight. How has being a child actress with a large social media following affected you?

Some of my favorite qualities I attribute to the industry. I’ve always been mature, I take direction pretty easily, I’m well behaved when I need to be, and I’m also very comfortable on a set. If I wasn’t working on a set, then I was visiting my sister (Demi Lovato) on her set, and so that environment is very comforting to me. Just like driving to auditions makes me want to fall asleep, because that’s how I used to fall asleep in the car as a kid.

What is the biggest “pro” growing up with that background?

Just being on set was the best feeling ever. I went to a couple red carpets, I did interviews, which were always really fun, but nothing beat being on set, in that environment, and when they yelled action. Also, when people would ask me for a picture, that was pretty cool too.

Biggest con?

The bad days when I still had to show up. Some days, my sister and I were so tired and my mom had to fight us both because we both had to be at work. Those were some stressful days.

“Sophia is a young girl who seems to have gained knowledge of the bunker, and a natural anxiety since the beginning of the end. However, as James begins to realize the truth, all of her unexplainable habits seem to become less unexplainable,” De La Garza said about her character in “Subject 16.”

Best memory on set?

My favorite memory was probably the last scene I ever filmed, when I wrapped Desperate Housewives. Eva Longoria and I had gotten very, very close over the years, and I was very close with my younger sister on the show (Daniella Baltodano), and Ricardo Antonio Chavira. We all kind of knew that the end was coming and I’ll never forget, Eva said, “Thank you for being the best daughter I could have ever had.” She whispered that into my ear and that was her goodbye. That’s my favorite memory, I’ll never forget that; it will always stick out in my head as one of my favorite moments.

Do you have any friends at Chapman already?

My best friend Logan Binstock, who’s a creative producing major, and one of my childhood friends, Josie Totah, go to Chapman. Josie is also in Dodge. We wrote scripts together when we were in elementary school and then we reunited and wrote scripts in middle school, and now we’ll hopefully be working together in college. I’m so excited.

“My best friend, Logan Binstock, goes to Chapman and she’s in Dodge as well, so through her eyes I’ve been able to see how great the film program really is,” said De La Garza.

What kind of scripts do you want to write?

I love a lot of different genres and if I could write comedy I totally would do that more. I really love science fiction, first of all, because it’s the best genre to get a message across. Black Mirror and The Twilight Zone are my biggest inspirations of all time. If I could write anything close to that, I’ll feel pretty accomplished.

Are you going to rush a sorority?

Both Logan and Josie are in sororities. I don’t think I’m going to rush, but I haven’t decided yet. They’ve been talking to me about what it felt like to rush. I’m just so excited to see it with my own eyes, finally.

What aspects of college are you looking forward to?

I’m really looking forward to making so many friends. I’ve gone to a really small school; it’s K-12 and there are 70 kids in the entire school. So I’ve been a part of a very small community my whole life. Now that I’m going to college, my environment is going to be so much bigger. I’ll have a little bit more space to find out who I am and find the people that I really want to be friends with.

All photos courtesy of Madison De La Garza.