How to Avoid Movie and TV Spoilers

Some whistleblowers relish ruining the element of surprise. Others simply have no self-control, accidentally spilling the endings of movies and shows you’re dying to see in person and online. This season, the movies “Endgame,” and “Us,” and the HBO show “Game of Thrones,” have all had epic, suspenseful twists. How to stay clear of spoilsports that ruin the movie or show for you in this age of viewing on demand? Here are some tips and tricks to keep your ears safe and spoiler-free.

Mute Keywords

Twitter is the birthplace of spoilers, so muting fan accounts there is a must. Also mute keywords that may be used in spoiler tweets. Perfect grammar is optional on social media, so be sure to include different spelling variations of your favorite characters and films. “Game of Throwns” anyone?

  1. Go to Notifications.
  2. Click on Settings in the upper right hand corner.
  3. Click on Muted Accounts or Muted Words.
  4. Add any TV show, movie, character, news, fan accounts you please. 

See No More

Safari allows you to choose “muted words” under your content preferences. Google Chrome, has many extensions that will block spoilers, including one that is actually called “Spoiler Protection 2.0.” This extension helps you to hide spoilers what you don’t want to see on your screen. You can hide spoilers from Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, Google, News Sites, and more.

Enter keywords in this extension and they will be blocked from any website you go to or that pops up. You can also direct the extension  to block or mute images, photos, video previews and YouTube thumbnails.

Invest in Noise-Canceling Earplugs

If your friends won’t swear not to divulge the ends of shows you haven’t yet had a chance to see, fill your ears with cement or buy a pair of noise-cancelling headphones. Too, you could just avoid conversation all together.

Take a Social Media Break

Delete the risk of revelation full send by deleting Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook.

Wear a “I haven’t seen it” t-shirt every time you go out

Advertise your wish to remain in ignorance by wearing an “I haven’t seen it!” T-shirt. Rely on the goodwill of others to respect your declared wishes.

Run away from the conversation

The second you hear any mention about what you haven’t seen, start running. No time for explaining, just barge out the door. Go full “Forrest Gump” and never return. Keep running and running until you’re out of the range of conversation.

Make it known everytime you walk in the room

Make yourself the center of attention by standing on the nearest table and announcing that you haven’t seen it. Make the room go silent so that no one can start a convo that can potentially ruin your favorite series. To be safe, when you walk in the room immediately let them know what’s going on. Bust down the door if you have to.

Go off the grid

Go full Thoreau and move alone to a cabin without electricity in the wilderness. You might just discover there are more compelling pursuits than finding out a a beloved Avenger dies at the conclusion of “Endgame.”

See it already!

Take the time to sit down and watch the whole thing. Now you know the end of the story. What are you going to do now?




Rising Costs of Textbooks Prompts Lawmakers to Hit the Books: How One Bill Plans to Help Students Save Hundreds

Consumer prices for college textbooks have increased 88 percent from 2006 to 2016, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Photo by Jennifer Sauceda

For the sixth time in ten years, the Affordable College Textbook Act was introduced in the U.S. Senate. The bill, proposed again in April by Democratic Illinois Sen. Dick Durbin, is designed to expand access to open educational resources and alleviate the increasing costs of college textbooks and supplies for students.

While many students don’t know much about the bill, they are still feeling the pain of escalating prices for required texts.

“Every semester I feel like I have to pay extra just to end up getting less. The prices of textbooks are getting ridiculous,” said junior business major Oliver Boyse.

The estimated cost of textbooks and supplies for the 2018-19 school year is $1,240 for private non-profit universities, according to the College Board. However, Chapman’s estimated cost of attendance averages the cost of textbooks and supplies at $1,560.

There may be a glimmer of hope for those hoping to spend less on their textbooks.

Congress took a first step in support of OER [Open Educational Resources] last year by appropriating $10 million for Open Textbook Pilot grants through the U.S. Department of Education,” according to an article by SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), a group that works to democratize access to knowledge.  A SPARC representative who specializes in this topic was contacted, but could not comment by deadline.  

Neither of the two California senators, Senators Kamala Harris and Dianne Feinstein, have made an official statement regarding their views of the Affordable College Textbook Act and did not respond to two phone messages left with their press lines to ascertain their support.

If the legislation becomes law, universities such as Chapman may apply for a federal grant awarded to institutions of higher education which plan on establishing a free online textbook program or which plan on expanding an existing program.

Students say the Affordable Text act would be a great financial relief.

“A lot of times we don’t have either the time to work or the time to work a lot and our money is going towards other things so having those materials available and accessible to students I think is important,” said psychology major Julie Johnson.

Despite preferring physical textbooks over online versions, Johnson, a senior, would be satisfied with a free online version as long as she can print out the pages to read.

If faculty shows enough interest in implementing open textbooks, Chapman could do so without waiting for legislation to pass, according to Kristin Laughtin-Dunker, Chapman’s Coordinator of Scholarly Communications and Electronic Resources at Leatherby Libraries.

“We don’t need to wait for Congress to pass the Affordable College Textbook Act. That is part of why the Leatherby Libraries are seeking to expand and market their services to help faculty who are interested in adopting open textbooks for any of their courses,” said Laughtin-Dunker.

The library has “many items that faculty have used as required readings” as well as expensive textbooks. Laughtin-Dunker encourages students to check the library before purchasing.

Besides renting or buying used textbooks, some students have found other ways of obtaining required texts.

“This semester one student had the online textbook… and she sent out the link to the rest of the class,” senior Romina Haghighat said. “It was a big class there was probably 40 or 50 kids in the class and she sent it to all of us.”

Haghighat, a psychology major, has found that textbooks required for her major tend to be more expensive than those she purchased for her general education courses.

“[My sociology book] was probably $115 and my psych book was probably $120 or $130,” Haghighat shared.

Although she tries to save money by renting textbooks on sites such as Chegg and Amazon, Haghighat resorts to the university’s bookstore for courses that require a Chapman-specific version of the required text.

“I’ll first look online because I know they’re cheaper online than at the bookstore, but…if only the Chapman bookstore has it then I have to buy it from there,” she said.


Upperclassmen Give Advice to Freshman About What They Learned at Chapman

Many freshmen arrive at college unsure of how the next four years of their lives will play out. Prowl talked to six upperclassmen who shared advice and stories about what they’ve learned through the years and what they wished they’d known as a freshman. Read on for takeaways from their time at Chapman.

Cayla Sacre, senior television writing and production major

Takeaway: Explore Outside Your Major

Take advantage of all the opportunities! As a Dodge student I sometimes felt pressured to live and breathe my major, but adding a psychology minor was one of the best choices I made at Chapman. I got to take classes outside of my major and explore a subject that was totally new to me.

Jeremy Jesberger, senior kinesiology major

Takeaway: Be Open to New Friendships

The advice I’d give is to not get complacent with the first or even second group of friends you make in college.

I had a great group of friends in my freshman year, many of who I’m still good friends with today. But looking back I decided to rush a fraternity as a sophomore and now as a senior have made more friends outside of my fraternity. So I feel I have a good support system from a lot of different people and my freshman year I thought it was going to be that one group of friends all four years.

Ricky Elder, junior business administration major

Takeaway: You May Not Have a Clear Path, But College Helps You Find It

Don’t stress out too much about your future as a freshman. I came in undeclared and was unsure about what I was going to do, which resulted in stress. The whole process was very developmental but if I were to go back I would enjoy the process a lot more if I didn’t stress as much about it.  Joining the professional fraternity Alpha Kappa Psi helped me along the way.  It was through them that led me to find an interest in business.  I would definitely recommend freshman to join organizations that they may be interested in because it will only benefit them.

Jameson Davis, junior accounting major

Takeaway: Stay On Top of Your Classes

The best advice I would give freshman would be to stay focused, go to your classes. If you get behind, it is a slippery slope and it is easy to dig yourself into a hole. As you notice yourself behind, I would highly recommend acting quickly and getting on top of that as soon as possible.  Whether it’s going to tutoring or talking to your professor, you have to put in that extra time to get back on top of your classes.

Connor Hailing, senior psychology major

Takeaway: Don’t Let Your New Found Freedom Take Control of You

The first thing I realized when I arrived at college was that I can do pretty much whatever I want now. My advice to freshmen would be to not let that freedom take priority over other activities.

At first, there was a learning curve with trying to make friends and still do well in my classes. It took me a couple months and a few poor grades to realize that doing my work was at times more important than hanging out with my friends. After I started paying more attention to my work and less of everything around me, I started doing way better. I was still able to keep my friends, it’s balancing everything together and not letting some things take over your life.

Sahil Srivastava, junior economics major

Takeaway: Don’t Let Anyone Hold You Back

 The best advice I’ve ever gotten that can benefit freshman is to not let one person dictate how you feel or keep you from doing something in your life.

When I was a sophomore, I told my professor that I didn’t want to do economics anymore because of one bad teacher I had. He told me that if you’ve only had a bad experience with one person in the field, it doesn’t mean everyone else is going to suck too. He was right because I’ve loved all my economics classes since. Not letting one person decide how I act in my life is helpful for friendships and relationships too.

Chapman rappers AP and Mountos Prowl for Popularity on SoundCloud

Chance The Rapper, Lil Uzi Vert, Playboi Carti, and Post Malone have blown up thanks to fans who listen to their music on SoundCloud. Pasamba Jobe, known as AP, and Daniel Toscano, or Mountos, are two sophomore business majors at Chapman hoping to emulate their success by also using SoundCloud, the Swedish platform for new music and podcasts that boasts 76 million monthly users.

Emerging from Stockholm, Sweden in 2008, SoundCloud is a free platform which offers users a monthly subscription service, providing exclusive features not available to free accounts. Creating an account on SoundCloud gives users three free hours of uploaded content. SoundCloud appealed to rapper AP because it allows him to communicate directly with fans. Too, it’s user friendly to unreleased artists and requires little technical expertise.

“You don’t need fancy equipment… you just need to do it if you have a passion for it.” Photo courtesy of Mountos

West Covina native Mountos began making beats his junior year of high school. He started with free production apps then eventually transitioned into using more professional programs like FL Studio. Mountos releases his music on SoundCloud and Youtube.

AP’s most popular track is titled, “Dizzy Diamonds” which has accrued 5,000 plays. Photo by Domenick Sevor

Both artists have been trying to gain more exposure by performing at venues near Chapman, across Laguna Hills, and the greater Anaheim area. With their followers both in the hundreds, they shared what they have learned to date about how to build a following.

When did you first start rapping?

AP: I didn’t start rapping till the second semester of college when I was 18. My love for music started to come out and I reached that point where I knew this is what I need to do. I was already into the underground rap scene throughout high school so I thought I might as well try it.

Mountos: I started making beats on my phone with a little app towards the end of my junior year. Then I got FL Studio and watched way too many tutorials on YouTube. My friends were making beats for fun and that’s what pushed me. It hooked me from the jump. In late May, I made my first rap to the beat I just made and I kept going.

What “SoundCloud rapper” influenced you the most?

AP: When I first started rapping, Sheck Wes was the most influential: I relate to him culturally. But Joey Badass is the most influential rapper to me because he was the first hip-hop artist I heard off of the radio. I admire his flow.

Mountos: For me, it’s been Russ. I started to listen to him two months before I started making my own beats. In his interviews, he talks about how you can make music yourself. You don’t need fancy equipment and stuff like that, you just need to do it if you have a passion for it. Ever since then, he inspired me to make music.

Mountos performing at a venue in West Covina, CA. As of Feb. 2019, Mountos has released 44 tracks and three EPs. His most popular track, “Feelings” has more than 1,524 plays. Photo courtesy of Mountos.

What is the biggest mistake new artists make?

AP: Rushing your content just to release it and not taking time to find your own sound. Another common mistake is not promoting your own music. A lot of artists don’t promote and are shocked as to why their numbers aren’t higher. Artists should be promoting all the time and not afraid of what others will think.

Mountos: Trying to sound exactly like other artists. If you’re an artist you should make the music you want to make. You can get inspiration but you gotta put your own spin on it.

Why is SoundCloud more relevant than other streaming apps?

As of May 2019, AP has released 11 tracks onto SoundCloud which includes an EP called “AP’s EP.” Photo by Domenick Sevor

AP: It’s more of a community. Sharing music through that platform is dope and you can reach more people. It’s the best way to connect with new artists too. If you keep putting out content, the algorithms of SoundCloud will help you gain more exposure. Don’t be intimidated by the fact you start off low: If you’re consistent, you’ll gain a following.

Mountos: You can use non-profit beats that producers make which makes the sound different.

How has SoundCloud affected your music career?

Mountos: SoundCloud has given me a place where I could post my music for free without having to pay. Being able to post my songs to a site where people could actually listen motivated me to keep making it.

AP: Ever since I’ve started making music SoundCloud’s made me feel more in tune with my sound and kinda connected to my life since I’m thinking about music all the time. It makes me wanna hunt for new music and always search for new artists to help mirror my own musical style off of.


AP & Mountos’ Tips for SoundCloud Success:

● Take time to find your own sound.

● Release your music methodically.

● Promote your music all the time.

AP (IG/SoundCloud/Twitter: @apmakesmusic)

Mountos (IG: @_mountos/SoundCloud: @Mountos)

Will “The K” be OK by its move-in date? Future dorm residents are worried, but Chapman director assures that all is well

“There’s still a big dirt hole in the center of the building. Seeing that doesn’t make me feel secured,” said freshman history major Eric Alva. Photo courtesy of R.D. Olson.

Some of the 400 students slated to live in Chapman’s newest dorm, “The K,” worry construction won’t be finished in time for the Aug. 22 move-in date.

“There’s still a big dirt hole in the center of the building. Seeing that doesn’t make me feel secure,” said freshman history major Eric Alva, whose first choice of housing was The K because it’s separate from main campus but close enough to skateboard to class.

Because move-in is just three months away, some students are concerned The K will not be complete or built at the best quality. Director of Residence Life Dave Sundby said he is confident that the building will be completed on time but acknowledged there is no “Plan B” if it’s not. Residence Life had been planning on building more dorms for years and initial construction was supposed to start five to six years ago, Sundby said.

Residence life started planning last spring and began construction early January of this year, according to Sundby.

Residence life intended to build The K where the tennis courts are, but there was an issue with the soil, according to Sundby. Now, The K sits diagonal to Marion Knott Studios. All of The K apartments will be fully occupied, housing around 400 students, which is just shy of the populations of Davis, Harris, and Glass combined, Sundby said.

Chapman Grand was freshman broadcast journalism and documentary major Vi Nguyen’s first choice, but after thinking it over, she realized The K was a better option because it’s so close to Marion Knott Studios, where she takes many classes. She was wary of choosing The K without knowing what the inside would look like other than renderings of its layout and a youtube video by Residence Life.

In the video, Henley Hall Resident Advisor and YouTube personality Jack Ruhl compared the size of one K apartment to three times that of a Henley dorm room. He also included footage of an unfinished apartment.

“We worked hard to get information out to students,” said Sundby. “We had more access to the building than I’ve ever had in my career for a building that’s under construction.”

Sundby was eager to guarantee that construction was occurring as scheduled. “There’s no doubt that the building will be open for students to move into in August,” he said.

If for some reason the building is not ready, “we would have to figure out how we would house those students for any temporary stretch until the building is opened,” Sundby said.

Director of Residence Life Dave Sundby is confident students will move into a finished building in the fall. Photo by Sydnee Valdez.

Even if R.D. Olson, the company hired to build The K, completes the construction by their proposed date, there are worries that work might be rushed.

“The idea that they might rush the construction scares me because I want it to be really modern and nice, and I don’t want them to do a half-ass job,” Nguyen said.

Others are trusting the process.

“Students will be living there and it’s owned by the university: There’s no way that The K won’t be as safe as it possibly can,” said undeclared freshman Adam Richardson. “I am not concerned. It will absolutely be fine.”

There are inspections throughout the construction process done by different project managers employed by Chapman who will work alongside R.D. Olson, Sundby said. The city also has to permit The K after looking at both the city and state building codes to ensure that the building is safe, according to Sundby.

“If something goes wrong with the building that’s structural, [contractors] are taking on that liability. Contractors and subcontractors don’t want to do poor work because that will come back to them financially and from a reputation standpoint,” Sundby said. “There is no reason for the work to be rushed, and there’s good reason to believe that if a company were to do poorly it would affect their future business with Chapman.”

Pictures of the construction can be found on the website of R.D. Olson Construction.

The K, Chapman’s newest housing option, takes up the spot where the Saturday Farmer’s Market was formerly held. Photo by Sydnee Valdez.

The Forbidden Fruit: A Look Inside of Apple’s Business Practices

Sometimes your best hope of getting your Apple products to work is praying for help from the divine. Photo of Myles Garcia by Emilio Mejia

Apple was recently in the news for obliterating or altering 11 of the 17 most popular apps people use to control the amount of time they or their children spend in front of a screen.

Apple is insanely successful – it recently hit a $1 trillion market value – but some of its business practices have critics complaining the success is due to business practices that, even if legal, are dodgy or short-sighted. Yet, people are dependent on Apple products: A recent poll from 2012 revealed that 64 percent of American households have at least one Apple product, with the average household harboring 2.6 Apple products.

Is our love affair with Apple masochistic? Evidence is adding up that our relationship with the company producing our must-have products is at best a one-sided.

Slowing Down the iPhone

Photo by Neil Soni on Unsplash

In 2017, Apple confirmed what many had suspected: A recent software update was slowing down older iPhone models. The company apologized for not telling consumers it was throttling the phone’s function, attributed the poor performance to aging batteries, and claimed the “fix” was necessary to prevent sudden shut downs in older models. But many users have long contended the slug bug was intentional and designed to nudge consumers into purchasing newer phones. Apple offered to replace the batteries on older models for only $29 – but that deal ended December 31, 2018.

Frustrating Repair Policy

Photo Courtesy of Axelle B

For years, Apple insisted that all phone repairs be done in house, finally allowing a few authorized cell phone repairers to deal with Apple phones in 2016.

Even authorized repair shops are only authorized to do select phone repairs. If a customer comes in with other easily fixable problems, the repair shop must ship the phone to Apple.

For a store to be authorized in performing repairs, the business must pay a subscription fee, purchase certified Apple parts, and employees must go through official Apple training.

Mediocre Charging Cables

Photo by Emilio Mejia

The iPhone charging cables have an average of two stars in reviews on Apple’s website. The 0.5 m Apple cord (1.64 feet) costs $19. Some suggest that Apple purposely makes this product sub-par so that its customers will replace their chargers every few months. These chords are notorious for fraying after normal use, Alternatively, Amazon offers charging cables twice the length of Apple’s for less than $10 – but customers trying to use superior cables that cost less are always at risk of discovering that their unapproved, non-Apple cable is found “incompatible with this device” when plugged into an Apple product.

Gouging Customers

A stunning exposé released by Canada’s public newscast “The National” last year revealed that “genius bar” employees told customers that minor repairs were not worth fixing (may as well buy a new laptop!) when the problems could in fact be fixed cheaply within minutes. Apple denied systematically overestimating repair costs, but one Mac-friendly repair person in NYC said he saw customers similarly victimized at least 10 to 30 times a day.

Lobbying for the wrong things

Apple goes to great lengths to discourage third-party repair people, threatening them with legal action if they share repair info online, changing parts so they cannot be easily replicated and seventeen states have introduced “right to repair” legislation to allow consumers and repair people to get their devices fixed more easily and inexpensively and to outlaw “software locks” that prevent third-party repairs. The legislation would not only allow repair people to make money and consumers to save money, but slow down the river of toxic tech waste going to landfills. Yet, Apple retains a lobbyist to fight against this legislation and anything else Apple deems not to be in its interest.

Escalating iPhone Prices

iPhone Prices on Release Date. Graphic by Emilio Mejia

The original iPhone (released in 2007) was priced at $499. Ten years later, Apple broke the $800 barrier on the price of the iPhone with the release of the iPhone 8 plus. Two weeks later, the iPhone X was released for over $1,000. When Apple originally released their iPhone to the public, the company had a completely different business model in mind: groundbreaking technology for an affordable price. That no longer seems to be the guiding principle: The new Apple XS Max runs between $1,099 and $1,499, depending on GBs.

This is in part due to the increasing price of Apple products: The first iPhones released in 2007 cost $399 for 4G and $599 for 8G before Apple discontinued the 4G model and then lowered the price of the 8G device to $399.

Apple did not respond to any of the complaints addressed in this article.

Chapman Tik Tok Cops vie to Breaking Barriers Between Student and Officer Relationships

Officer Joshua Hinson and Deputy Chief Ricardo Gonzalez outside Public Safety’s headquarters. Photo by Karley Wilson.
Officer Joshua Hinson and Deputy Chief Ricardo Gonzalez outside Public Safety’s headquarters. Photo by Karley Wilson.

Officer Joshua Hinson and Deputy Chief Ricardo Gonzalez outside Public Safety’s headquarters. Photo by Karley Wilson.

A TikTok video posted by Public Safety Officer Joshua Hinson received over three million views on TikTok. The video sparked interest in Chapman’s Public Safety’s activity on social media, and students love it.

After being shown funny videos that other police departments shared online, Hinson wanted to feature Chapman’s Public Safety in a fun way. TikTok users posted one million videos per day and a total of 800 million installations within the first year, making it the most downloaded app in 2018.

Hinson posted a TikTok video of himself and Officer Sean Porter dancing in the stands of Wilson Field to the song, “Coincidance,” by Handsome Dancer. The video brought him attention – more than he’s used to. His Instagram account, which features videos of him and updates on public safety events, now has 800 followers.

Here are some answers to questions students have had about the viral sensation.

Who filmed the video?

Well, technically no one, but it was filmed on Hinson’s phone. He pulled up a chair, set his phone on it, and recorded himself and Porter dancing together. It only took two takes before they posted it.

Why did they do it?

Hinson took notice that students were using platforms such as Instagram and TikTok and wanted to come up with some fun ideas for the platforms in order to communicate more directly with students. This TikTok video isn’t the only thing Hinson has done.

He has created about 40-50 videos on TikTok. The videos that feature officers in uniform are more popular. Hinson wants to build relationships and connections to the Chapman community. Students recognize him from the videos and greet him. Hinson follows the trends online, which helps him brainstorm ideas at home and on campus. As a father and a high school coach, Hinson is always getting new ideas and creating videos with the kids.

What is next for them on social media?

Hinson has created his own Instagram where he is featured in uniform and encourages students to follow him. He wants to create more fun content for his audience and is working on getting Public Safety officers and students involved.

“The more we can do that and put smiles on people’s faces, the better,” he said.

What do you think about this video?

Gonzalez is a huge fan of Hinson’s videos. He thinks that the Tik Tok video was well done and it made him laugh. Gonzalez never thought the video would get so many views. It really shocked the whole department and sparked conversation.  From an officer’s perspective, he thinks that these videos are a great way to break down the barriers of Public Safety and the Chapman community.

Will other Public Safety officers be appearing online, too?

Gonzalez wants to join in on a lip sync battle that the police departments make together. In this video, they lip sync to a song after another nearby department does it, too. They are interested in doing videos which would involve departments nearby and the student body at Chapman.

Has the video changed your relationship with students?

After watching Hinson gain popularity on Instagram, Gonzalez realized that social media is a good way to communicate with the students and Public Safety now piggybacks on Hinson’s Instagram account to advertise different Public Safety events.

“Let’s go do something funny and have a good time,” said Hinson.


Your local celeb created his own exit phrase and sign. There you have it, Panthers. GIF by Karley Wilson.

Your local celeb created his own exit phrase and sign. There you have it, Panthers. GIF by Karley Wilson.

Netflix and Instagram are the top websites accessed on university wifi

Freshman Julia Macias binge watches Netflix in the dorms before going to sleep. Photo by Tiffany Chen

Many students moan about oppressive homework loads, but if their wifi use is any indication, they’re spending a lot of time watching movies and TV shows.  

Netflix makes up 35% of all web traffic on Eduroam and Chapman Open, the university’s wifi networks. That means the movie and television streaming service is the most popular website used by students, according to Information and Cyber Security Specialist Ryan Tanovan.

General browsing and Netflix rank top two in most visited websites at Chapman. General browsing, which makes up 67% of web traffic, includes websites such as Blackboard, Leatherby Libraries, and MyChapman among other sites. But no academic site is accessed frequently enough to be recognized in the ranking.

Instagram, Apple Services, Youtube, and Facebook follow Netflix in the rankings on most popular sites.

The data suggests that students using campus wifi are spending more time watching Netflix than using the web for academic work, Tanovan said.

“I watch Netflix in the morning when I get ready at 11am, and when I get home from 3pm to 8pm,” said Megan Tu, a junior communications studies major, who admitted to watching Netflix several hours a day.

“Sometimes, I’ll watch Netflix straight from 3 p.m.- 12 a.m., or even later if I feel like it,” Tu said.

Tu simply doesn’t have much homework to use the web for many other purposes, she said.

“I always watch Netflix before I do homework. I don’t really have a lot of homework as a communication studies major,” Tu said. “However, the amount of Netflix a student should watch honestly depends on what major and how busy they are.”

While the act of watching Netflix may seem like an innocent act that students do to relieve stress, often students spend an excessive amount of time watching Netflix, which leads to binge-watching behaviors and addiction.

“Binge-watching happens when the content itself is immediately gratifying, and you’re watching things that are of interest and stimulating to you. This is normal human behavior, we are all drawn to things we feel rewarded by,” said Hillarie Cash, a mental health counselor specializing in internet and screen addiction.

Binge-watching behaviors can lead to a Netflix addiction, said Cash who co-founded reSTART, a residential treatment center for internet, video game and VR addiction

When a person finds a substance/action pleasurable and continuously pre-long that pleasure, they are over-stimulating the pleasure pathways in the brain. The process of addiction begins when the person loses control of their actions. This becomes a vicious cycle especially when Netflix’s content is designed to keep someone’s attention on the screen, Cash said.

So what exactly makes Netflix so attractive and popular among students?

The lure of one’s favorite show is a powerful draw, students said.

“I see students watching Netflix during lectures and in the library a lot, mainly on the second floor,” said freshman biology major Kelly Ly.

Tu even watches Netflix during her classes. “Sometimes the lectures are boring, so I just start watching my favorite show on  Netflix. It’s a good past-time,” Tu said.

Students watch Netflix in class because they don’t have the stamina to pay close attention to lectures, because lectures may not be immediately rewarding and stimulating to the senses. If students are not interested in the things being taught, it is easy to get bored and give up, Cash said.

Netflix is specifically designed to draw its viewers in for a long span of time to give them an instant escape from stress and reality.

“Netflix is always offering up the next interesting thing that its viewers are interested in, which is what makes it so addicting. They’ve achieved that by collecting data on individual interests, preferences to shows, and recommending new shows for customers to watch,” Cash said. “College is tiring and creates stress and anxiety, so a lot of people have used watching Netflix as a coping strategy to escape.”

But a use analysis shows that the streaming service is also displacing sleep.

The most popular time for Netflix usage is from 12- 4 a.m., according to Tanovan. “During this time, Netflix takes up 56.35% of all web traffic, meaning that half of everyone who is using the internet from 12- 4 a.m. is watching Netflix,” he said.

“What else would you be doing at 12 a.m.? If you’re a good kid and not out partying, you are most likely watching Netflix,” Tu said. “I stayed up till 2 a.m. watching Netflix last night.”

“All addictions are about immediate gratification, which will interfere with one’s life. When you’re addicted to Netflix, you’re going to be watching Netflix instead of everything you should be doing: sleeping, studying, going to classes, which can cause you to fail your academics,” Cash said.

In addition, Netflix addictions can also have some negative long-term impacts on one’s cognitive thinking, behavior, and creativity.

An individual’s creativity is compromised when they are a consumer of someone else’s content, Cash said. The shortening of one’s attention span, poor ability to think in the long-term, and not being able to pay attention and stay focused are all effects of being addicted to Netflix.

“You have to be able to delay gratification and reward, because working hard then getting a good grade is your reward,” Cash said.

Ly and Paola Portillo, a freshman Biology major both prefer sleeping over watching Netflix.

“I only stay up late to do homework” Portillo said.

While Netflix allows students to relieve stress and relax, students should prioritize their school work and organize their time based on their workloads, Tanovan said.  

General browsing makes up for most of the server’s internet use. Netflix and Instagram are identified as the first and second most visited websites, followed by Apple services (ex. IOS updates, Apple website, Apple Music), Youtube, ICloud, Facebook, and Twitch. Graph by Tiffany Chen.

Retweeted more than Obama? 10 Facts about BTS – K-Pop’s biggest breakout band


BTS is a South Korean boy band made up of seven members. BTS stands for Bangtan Sonyeondan, which means “Bulletproof Boy Scouts” in Korean. Many fans also call them the “Bangtan Boys.” In honor of their new album, Map of the Soul: Persona, and sold-out stadium tour, Prowl compiled a list of fun facts about this K-Pop (Korean Pop) group. ARMYs, test your knowledge and see if you know BTS as well as you think. For readers who haven’t heard of BTS, continue reading to catch up on the Bangtan Boys and find out what ARMY is.


The members’ stage names are: (top, left to right) Suga, Jung-Kook, Jimin, J-Hope. (bottom, left to right) Jin, Rap Monster (RM), V. via GIPHY


1. BTS Started on the Right Foot (or Show)

BTS debuted on M Countdown on June 13, 2013. M Countdown is a huge deal for new K-Pop artists because anyone who is (or will be) anyone performs at M Countdown. The live show is broadcasted from Seoul, South Korea to countries like China, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, the U.S. and more. This performance gave BTS a lot of exposure in the K-Pop world, and put them on the map.



2. BTS has an ARMY

Do you remember the thousands of loud fans screaming at the 2017 American Music Awards? If not, below is a video to remind you of the chants and cheers from the crowd. That was ARMY, BTS’ official fan group. ARMY stands for Adorable Representative M.C. for Youth. The name ARMY was chosen because the fans are close to BTS and will always protect them, just like a real army with its country.

Video Courtesy of @samantha_alaimo ‘s Instagram.



3. A Lot of Firsts

BTS has become the first K-Pop group to do a lot of things in the U.S. BTS was one of the first K-Pop groups to perform live at the AMA’s. BTS is the first K-Pop group to perform on Saturday Night Live, and perform, present, and win at the Billboard Music Awards. BTS is also the first K-Pop group to have an album debut at No. 1 on the U.S. Billboard Top 200 Chart. Their album, Love Yourself: Tear, bumped Post Malone’s Beerbongs & Bentleys into second place in 2018. BTS was also nominated for Best Recording Package at the 2019 Grammy Awards.




4. BTS is Redefining K-Pop

In Korea, there are three top entertainment companies known as “The Big 3” that produce the most successful artists and make the most money. When BTS entered the game, their company, BigHit Entertainment, was a nobody. Thanks to BTS, however, BigHit surpassed all three companies in 2017 with a net profit of $22.7 million, $6.6 million more than their closest competitor, JYP. The other companies are focused on developing “idols” – they create an image and sound for each group and the group is required to stick to that image. BigHit is different. The owner, Bang Si-hyuk, wants his artists to express themselves in their music. Because of this, BTS has focused on being genuine and sharing their real struggles. This authenticity contributed to their global success.




5. One of Time’s 100 Most Influential People of 2019

BTS is one of 16 artists chosen as Time’s 100 Most Influential People of 2019. BTS is among many other famous artists, like Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, Ariana Grande, and Glenn Close. Time shared, “The YouTube views within 24 hours for their music video ‘Fake Love’ almost surpassed Taylor Swift’s and Psy’s all-time records – no small feat.” BTS uses their platform to speak about mental health and other social issues, including a collaboration with the United Nations.




6. BTS works with the United Nations

In 2017, BTS joined the Korean Committee and started the “Love Myself” campaign for UNICEF. The campaign partners with UNICEF’s #ENDviolence program to protect young people all around the world from violence. BTS used this campaign to push their message that, “true love first begins with loving myself.” BTS released the “Love Yourself” trilogy of albums to encourage fans to “love and speak themselves.” A portion of album sales is donated to the campaign.




7. They’ve Collaborated with Some of Your Favorite Stars

BTS has worked with plenty of American artists. Their song “Best of Me” was produced by The Chainsmokers’ Andrew Taggart. One of the members RM (Rap Monster) was featured on Fall Out Boy’s “Champion” remix. BTS released two versions of their song “Idol,” one featuring Nicki Minaj. BTS has worked with Steve Aoki on multiple occasions. Aoki remixed their single “Mic Drop,” which had a version that featured Desiigner, “The Truth Untold,” and BTS is featured on his song “Waste It On Me.” BTS’ most recent single “Boy With Luv” featuring Halsey was just released on April 12.




8. BTS and the Beatles

BTS has spent plenty of time on top of the charts. In under 11 months, BTS’ albums Love Yourself: Tear, Love Yourself: Answer, and Map of the Soul: Persona all placed No. 1 on Billboard’s Top 200 Albums chart. Map of the Soul: Persona dropped to the No. 3 spot after spending two weeks on top of the charts. The last time a group logged No. 1’s in such a short span of time was The Beatles from 1995 to 1996 with Anthology 1, Anthology 2, and Anthology 3. The only difference? It took the Beatles 11 months and a week to get three albums at No. 1; it took BTS 10 months and three weeks.




9. Retweeted more than Obama

While Twitter does not make an official list of the most retweeted tweets, the news and media are aware of an unofficial list. The list contains 30 of the most retweeted tweets. There are currently only four accounts that have more than tweet on the list. Hillary Clinton, Harry Styles, and El Rubius each have two of the most retweeted tweets. Barack Obama has three. BTS has four.

 BTS’ most retweeted tweet: J-Hope doing the #InMyFeelings Challenge.



10. Only One Member Speaks English

Rap Monster, better known as RM, is the leader of BTS, and the only member who speaks English fluently. RM has stated in many interviews, like this one on Ellen, that he learned English by watching the entire American sitcom “Friends” three times: first with Korean subtitles, next with English subtitles, then with no subtitles. He said he felt like a victim at the time because his mother made him watch the show. Now, however, he’s grateful that he can speak English. The rest of the members have said that they regret not paying attention in their English classes, especially as they try to learn it now for their English-speaking audiences.



Catch BTS on their “Love Yourself: Speak Yourself” stadium tour.

Broken door in Hashinger is a result of broken communication

“I have been temporarily locked out before class many times, and it takes a few minutes to jiggle in,” said sophomore economics major Kat Brown. Photo courtesy of Sydnee Valdez

See something, say something.

That seems to be the moral of a recent saga that led to students and teachers being locked out of their class in the Hashinger Science Center basement.

The doors of a Hashinger Science Center classroom locked automatically for weeks –blocking students from class– before it was repaired the day after a Prowl reporter inquired about the problem on April 22.

The double doors in the basement of Hashinger Science Center were broken for more than three weeks, according to sophomore economics major Kat Brown and Jianwei Zheng, a PhD student and Math 203 instructor.

Zheng and some of his students trying to attend class in room 50 of Hashinger fiddled with the lock for minutes at a time, resulting in both lateness and absence from a significant amount of lecture.

Prowl sent an email to Facilities Management on April 22 regarding the broken door and the door was repaired the following day. While the door prompted epic frustration for students and faculty, no one had reported the problem beforehand, according to Associate Vice President of Facilities Management Rick Turner.

Why no one had reported the issue may be explained by two principles documented in psychology research: the bystander effect and diffusion of responsibility. The presence of others discourages individuals from taking initiative and action to solve a problem because they presume – or hope – someone else will do it for them.

“When you walk past that door, it’s a much more efficient strategy to assume that someone else must have seen it, and that I’m not the first one,” said psychology professor David Pincus. “If you always think that you’re the first and only one, and you always try to solve every problem you walk by—I mean go to any major city—you’re going to be helping hundreds of homeless people before you can get a cup of coffee in the morning.”

People sometimes exhibit “not my problem” indifference. In Feb., a toilet in the women’s accessible bathroom stall in the Leatherby Libraries basemen was clogged for 12 days, but Facilities Management only received one complaint, according to Turner. Why don’t people take constructive action to report and solve a problem  instead of complaining amongst themselves? There are several reasons.

Tired of being locked out, Zheng placed a chair between the doors in Hashinger Science Center basement to allow students to enter without hassle. Photo courtesy of Sydnee Valdez.

“I don’t know how to report things to Facilities Management. Is there a form? Is there a hotline? I really don’t know,” Brown said. Zheng confessed that he didn’t know who was responsible for reporting or fixing building issues, either.

“If Facilities Management is interacting with that door every day and it’s a part of their job to make sure that the door is working, then that’s an issue of training and it should be corrected. The responsibility would belong to Facilities Management,” Pincus said.

Zheng was also eager to assign blame to Facilities: “The school should already know that it is broken because they lock the door every day.”

But Facilities Management did not lock the door, said Turner, who postulated that Public Safety or other staff was involved with that task.

Public Safety did not unlock and lock the door daily, and it was confirmed that they did not submit a work order for it, according to Chief of Public Safety Randy Burba.

“Since we did not lock and unlock it daily, we probably would not have known it was an ongoing issue; even if we would have responded to assist the professor in opening it one day,” Burba said.

In this case, the fundamental attribution error, the tendency to blame an individual rather than the situation, would be relevant, according to Pincus.  

“It’s not a question of fault. It’s more a question of how we can find better ways of partnering and sharing information,” Turner said.

After being locked out three times, Zheng called Public Safety and then placed a plastic chair between the doors to keep them open. One time, he re-entered through the Irvine Lecture Hall connected to Hashinger basement, and another time Public Safety had opened the door for him, Zheng said. Other times, he opened the door himself but not without toying with it first.

“It’s super annoying because we shouldn’t be the ones taking care of these kinds of issues, someone else should fix it automatically,” Zheng said.

Although he had called Public Safety, Zheng admitted that he did not report the broken door to Facilities Management. Nor did Brown.

Maintenance of Chapman’s facilities is a shared responsibility between students, faculty and Facilities Management, according to Turner.

“Facilities receives the majority of the work requests from the campus community and those affected by the condition in question,” Turner said. “We rely on the concept of partnering with our faculty, staff and students with the maintenance of our facilities.”

The fact that the door and disabled bathroom were broken for so long proves that this ideal has yet to be met.

Work requests to report maintenance issues can be found on Chapman’s campus services page. For emergencies, you can call Public Safety at (714) 997-6763 or leave a message to (714) 997-6658, Facilities Management’s phone line.