Global Warming Will Cook California in 12 Years

Photo by Cenczi from Pixabay.

President Donald Trump withdrew from the Paris Climate Accord in 2017, a pledge taken by over 100 nations aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions to combat global warming. Photo by Skeeze from Pixabay.

Things are heating up.

On October 8, the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published a report cautioning irreversible damage to the planet within 12 years if humans fail to combat global warming. In particular, the panel urged nations to prevent the earth from heating more than 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than pre-industrial levels – an objective that could be achieved with a massive cut on greenhouse gas emissions – but it’s unclear if there is the political will on a national level to avert the coming disaster.

How will a hotter planet affect us? Californians can expect these four things if global warming overpowers human effort.

1. Wave the West Coast Goodbye

Nearby facilities may have to be evacuated if flood-proofing techniques fail to keep coastal cities dry. Photo by Jim Gade from Unsplash.

Nearby facilities may have to be evacuated if flood-proofing techniques fail to keep coastal cities dry. Sea levels are expected to rise at least four inches by the end of the century, meaning that irregular flooding of California coastal towns, such as San Francisco and Los Angeles, will become the new norm. Cities would have the opportunity to adapt to these changes at the targeted 2.7 degrees goal as it would slow down the rise of sea levels.

2. Grab Your Inhaler – Asthma and Allergies will Worsen

Sufferers of respiratory conditions will definitely feel the effects of a more intense pollen season. Photo by Cenczi from Pixabay.

Warmer weather and an increase of carbon dioxide are the perfect combination for a swelling pollen production. Californians should expect longer and harsher allergy seasons, as stated in a 2013 study published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

3. More Wildfires

At least 7,000 fires broke out throughout California in 2017. Photo by Marcus Kauffman from Unsplash.

Last year California suffered its worst fire season in history. Increasing temperatures, high winds and dry weather have contributed to this trend. The projected severity of heatwaves would transform the diverse scenery into something completely different. The state’s deserts are expected to expand as the increasing wildfires pave the way for a desert environment, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

4. Prepare for Shortages

Winter chill is the cool breaking point for fruits and nuts that triggers a break from dormancy. Photo by Alex Kotomanov from Unsplash.

Declining winter chill, resulting from the progression of global warming, is predicted to reduce the production of fruit and nuts in California, according to The Office of Environmental Health Hazard. Among these crops are peaches, almonds, apples and cherries, which account for two-thirds of the country’s fruit and nut production.

Although the future may seem bleak, there is a solution that requires the cooperation of all countries. The United Nations report shows that combating global warming is an international effort, that must translate on the governmental level with laws and restrictions against greenhouse gas emissions.  

How to finesse flu season

At least 80,000 Americans died last year because of the flu, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Photo by Mojpe via Pixabay

Avoiding the flu may be especially difficult for college students in constant contact with other germy people in cafeterias, residence halls, shared bathrooms and cramped classrooms. Chills, sore throats, headaches and a runny nose are indicators of the flu, which is spread through water droplets emitted from coughs and sneezes. With October marking the beginning of flu season, here are five tips to help you avoid the aches and agony of this year’s scourge.


 Tip #1: Don’t forget to get vaccinated

Less than half of college students receive the flu vaccination according to the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. Photo by Whitesession via Pixabay

 Get a flu shot! Chapman’s Student Health Center, located at 402 N. Glassell, offers free flu shots to students to help combat the disease. Walk-ins are accepted Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 12 p.m., and students with appointments may visit the Health Center until late afternoon. You should be vaccinated before November, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).


Tip #2: Turn up the music

The power of music has also been proven to alleviate chronic pain after surgical procedures as reported in the Journal of Musical Therapy. Photo by Bruce Mars via Pexels

Excessive stress reduces the immune system’s ability to fight off disease, according to the American Psychological Association, but taking the time to listen to some of your favorite tunes may help strengthen your mind and your body. Music is a natural destresser that boosts your immune system’s defense mechanisms and reduces stress, according to a 2013 study done by McGill University.


Tip#3: Work out at your own risk

Along with catching the flu virus, bacterial infections are also a possibility due to some gym equipment containing more bacteria than a toilet seat, according to a FitRated study. Photo by Danielle Cerullo via Unsplash

Sweat isn’t the only thing being shed at Chapman’s Fitness Center: While daily exercise helps build immunity to illness, the flu virus can live on nonporous surfaces such as steel for up to 24 hours, according to a 2011 study published in the Public Library of Science. Disinfect machinery and mats with wet wipes before and after using gym equipment to maintain a clean environment. And reconsider how you greet your workout – and other – buddies. You can catch the flu just by shaking hands with an infected person, who can be contagious even before they begin to exhibit symptoms such as coughing and sneezing.


Tip #4 Stay away from hand dryers

Hand dryers, a common option for drying one’s hands, may put you at a higher risk for illness. Photo by Clker-Free-Vector Images via Pixabay

You’re better off using paper towels. More virus were found around hand dryers than paper dispensers in a 2015 study published in the Journal of Applied Microbiology. The study also found that people who don’t wash their hands efficiently may leave virus in the air surrounding hand dryers for up to 15 minutes. Due to the friction involved in drying one’s hands with paper towels, bacteria is less likely to hang around towel dispensers.


Tip #5: Your phone may be your enemy

College students may encounter the viral infection after coming in contact with an infected device. Photo by Brett Sayles via Pexels

Countertops, hands, desks, bathroom stalls and floors: those seem to be the go-to spots for cleaning. Your phone has seen it all, and yet, you may never have thought about all of the germs it’s collected. It rubs against your face during phone calls and leaves your fingers contaminated with virus after a quick text, but you rarely take the initiative to clean your phone. Now is the time to wipe down those touchscreen devices – and any other gadgets you might share with friends. Germs may live on the surface of your devices for hours, but luckily most of them can be cleaned with a simple microfiber cloth dampened with a drop of water or disinfecting spray.


Follow these tips and you just might succeed in finessing the 2018-2019 flu season.

Five Things You Should Know Before Visiting the New Hello Kitty Cafe

Customers form a line outside Irvine’s Hello Kitty Grand Cafe


Looks like the cat’s out of the bag.

On September 14, the Hello Kitty Grand Cafe at the Irvine Spectrum Center opened its doors to fans and spectators alike. The first of its kind, the shop sells pastries, sweets, a variety of drinks, and merchandise adorned with Sanrio characters. Despite being the source of many Insta-worthy shots, what else should one expect when walking into the Hello Kitty-themed cafe? Here’s what you should know:

  1. There is a (Pricey) VIP Section

Across from the cafe’s entrance is a white door decorated with a golden bow. This is the entrance to The Bow Room, an exclusive tea room that comes equipped with a bar and cushioned seats.

The Bow Room entrance adorned by a golden bow

There is a $55 fee for entering The Bow Room and reservations are encouraged, but walk-ins may be accepted depending on availability. The tea sets accommodate two people, which means that no odd-numbered parties are accepted. Tea sets offered include fresh fruits, sweets, and an extensive tea
selection. Cocktail hours begin after 5:00 p.m. and Hello Kitty style alcoholic beverages are sold such as the Aloha Kitty and the Whisker Sour. No person under 21 is allowed in The Bow Room during
cocktail hours.

Tea sets offered include fresh fruits, sweets, and an extensive tea selection. Cocktail hours begin after 5:00 p.m. and Hello Kitty style alcoholic beverages are sold. No person under 21 is allowed in The Bow Room during cocktail hours.

2. Waits are Long 

Customers prepare to enter the cafe.

The Hello Kitty Grand Cafe does not take reservations (excluding The Bow Room). A single cash register does the job, which results in a wait time of about 45 minutes. The good news? Most of the goodies are ready to go, but some sweets require extra cooking. The mini donuts for example, take a quick four minutes to perfect.

3. Seating is Limited


A family enjoys their pastries inside the cafe.

There are a total of 10 seats inside the cafe, and they’re typically arranged as individual tables of two or three seats. However, some customers, like those pictured above, will utilize more than one table to accommodate their party size. Chances are, you’ll end up taking your goodies to go.

  1. Be Prepared to Splurge 



Displays of sweets offered by the cafe.

While iced teas, lemonades, espressos, and blended drinks range from $3 to $5.50, desserts such as a small strawberry cake and a lemon tart can cost from $4 to $15 each. The Hello Kitty Cafe menu also contains seasonal specials such as the lemon honey pocket pie for $4.75. 

Fans can purchase Hello Kitty gear that is sold inside the business.

Interested in purchasing Hello Kitty Cafe merchandise? A sequin bow costs an impressive $30, while a Hello Kitty plush is valued at $25.

5. Nut Allergies? Be Careful

A Food Allergy Notice is plastered on the cashier’s counter for customers to view.

There are traces of nuts in the majority of the pastries and sweets offered at the Hello Kitty Cafe. Nut-free and gluten-free drink options are available, so make sure to ask the employees about the beverages available. 

Shoppers can observe the production of mini donuts through a glass window near the front of the store.

Taking these elements into consideration before planning your visit to the Hello Kitty Cafe will have you prepared for anything. Enjoy your trip!

All photos by Jennifer Sauceda